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Surgery-Facial Plastics

Surgery-Facial Plastics

Stay up to date on the latest medical knowledge with this Surgery-Facial Plastics activity. In this online self-assessment activity, you'll read our reference articles and test your knowledge with 204 activities in Surgery-Facial Plastics for 174.5 total CME hours.


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Featured Article Activities

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder of the joints characterized by inflammatory arthritis as well as ext ...
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Rating: 5.00
Hours: 1.75

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Laser Revision Of Scars

Scars are the result of the cutaneous wound healing process that leads to fibrosis and altered skin morphology. All woun ...
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Rating: -.-
Hours: 0.75

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Zygomatic Arch Fracture

The zygoma is the second most common fracture of the face, just behind nasal fractures, which can cause significant cosm ...
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Hours: 1

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Bilobed Flaps

The bilobed flap is a local flap used primarily for the reconstruction of small to moderate cutaneous nasal defects. It ...
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Hours: 0.75

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SMAS Plication Facelift

The SMAS (superficial musculoaponeurotic system) plication technique evolved as a minimally invasive technique to provid ...
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Hours: 0.75

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Craniosynostosis

Craniosynostosis results from the premature closure of one or more sutures of the skull. Depending on the number of sutu ...
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Hours: 0.75

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Surgery-Facial Plastics Activities

Title Description Hours Questions
Ablative Laser Resurfacing This activity outlines and describes ablative laser options and their current therapeutic uses in skin resurfacing. The differences between fractional ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acne Vulgaris Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disorder of pilosebaceous unit, which runs a chronic course and it is self-limiting. Acne vulgaris is triggered by pr ... Read the Article 1.5 20 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Actinic Keratosis Actinic keratoses (AKs) are premalignant cutaneous lesions that may progress to squamous cell carcinoma. They are a common skin condition and develop ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute and Chronic Thermal Burn Evaluation and Management Thermal burns are a significant cause of worldwide morbidity and mortality. They can lead to debilitating, lifelong injuries and have serious psycholo ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adenoid Cystic Cancer Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignancy arising from the secretory glands, most commonly seen involving the salivary glands. Although unco ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adenoid Hypertrophy Adenoid hypertrophy is an obstructive condition due to enlarged adenoids. This can occur with or without an acute or chronic infection of the adenoids ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Advancement Flaps Advancement flaps permit scar camouflage along cosmetic subunit junctions and play a vital role in wound coverage. Advancement flap design and executi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Allen Test The Allen test (AT) is used to assess collateral blood flow to the hands. The radial artery is easily palpable. The need for this test arises from the ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Alopecia Areata Alopecia areata (AA) is a form of alopecia that impacts hair follicles, nails, and rarely, the retinal pigment epithelium. It typically presents with ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ameloblastoma Ameloblastomas are rare, odontogenic tumors derived from odontogenic ectoderm. Ameloblastomas represent about 1% of all jaw tumors, but they are the s ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Apert Syndrome Apert syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited craniosynostosis syndrome. Males and females are equally affected. The incidence of the disease sign ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Atypical Fibroxanthoma Atypical fibroxanthoma is a rare, low-grade superficial sarcoma that frequently presents as a red nodule or plaque. It is considered a superficial var ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Atypical Mole A dysplastic nevus is a transition between benign moles and melanoma and is characterized by junctional melanocytic skin lesions showing dysplastic or ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Auricular Hematoma An auricular hematoma is a collection of blood underneath the perichondrium of the ear and typically occurs secondary to trauma. Auricular deformity, ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Autologous Fat Grafting For Facial Rejuvenation Fat grafting is a technique where the harvested adipose tissue is injected into various compartments underneath the skin. The term autologous fat graf ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Axial Flaps Trauma and resection of tumors often leave large defects requiring coverage, which have historically meant multi-stage procedures. However, axial patt ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Basal Cell Cancer Basal cell carcinoma a common cutaneous malignancy that occurs mostly on sun-damaged skin of the head, neck, and trunk. Basal cell carcinoma can be di ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Basal Cell Carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma is the most common cutaneous malignancy, affecting close to one in five Americans. Although rarely fatal, basal cell carcinoma ca ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bell Palsy Bell palsy is the most common peripheral paralysis of the seventh cranial nerve with an onset that is rapid and unilateral. This is an idiopathic cond ... Read the Article 1.25 18 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Benign Essential Blepharospasm Benign essential blepharospasm is a focal cranial dystonia, characterized by involuntary contractions of orbicularis oculi muscle contractions, result ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Benign Salivary Gland Tumors Salivary gland neoplasms encompass a wide array of different histologies and locations, including the parotid, submandibular gland, sublingual gland, ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bilobed Flaps The bilobed flap is a local flap used primarily for the reconstruction of small to moderate cutaneous nasal defects. It was first described in 1918 by ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bisphosphonate Related Jaw Osteonecrosis Bisphosphonates are synthetic pyrophosphate analogs used to treat hypercalcemia secondary to conditions affecting bone resorption such as malignancy, ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Blepharochalasis Syndrome Blepharochalasis syndrome is a rare disease of unknown etiology. It is characterized by an active stage of recurrent episodes of upper lid swelling, f ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Blepharoplasty Blepharoplasty refers to the aesthetic or functional surgical manipulation of the upper or lower eyelids. Upper and lower lid blepharoplasty both have ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Blepharoplasty Ptosis Surgery Blepharoplasty is the general term for correcting defects, deformities, and disfigurations of the eyelids either for functional reasons, cosmetic reas ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Botulinum Toxin Botulinum toxin is a medication used in the management and treatment of therapeutic and cosmetic purposes. Therapeutic uses include chronic migraine, ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Brow Ptosis Brow ptosis is a common presenting complaint in aging patients; it can affect patients' quality of life because of its cosmetic impact as well as visu ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Canalicular Laceration Canalicular lacerations occur in people of all age groups, with causes ranging from fistfights to dog bites. In order to avoid the high morbidity asso ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cauliflower Ear Cauliflower ear, also known as wrestler's ear or perichondrial hematoma, is a deformity caused by blunt trauma to the auricle. It occurs as blood accu ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis Cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare, life-threatening disorder that can complicate facial infection, sinusitis, orbital cellulitis, pharyngitis ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia is a common condition that mostly affects women of African descent and may occur in families. The etiology of ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cleft Lip Cleft lip deformity is one of the most common congenital deformities, and management requires an interprofessional approach to address the physical cl ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cleft Palate Cleft palate is a developmental defect in the hard palate that results in a communication between the oral and nasal cavities resulting in nasal reflu ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Complex Ear Lacerations Facial lacerations are a common patient presentation, and the ear presents a unique challenge due to its structure. The ear is particularly susceptibl ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Congenital Melanocytic Nevi Congenital melanocytic nevi are benign skin lesions that usually present at birth and vary from small to large in size. Larger lesions are rarer and h ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Congenital Unilateral Lower Lip Palsy Congenital unilateral lower lip palsy is a congenital anomaly that is caused by agenesis or hypoplasia of depressor anguli oris muscle. Unilateral dep ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Craniofacial Distraction Osteogenesis Craniofacial distraction osteogenesis is a technique to elongate the bones of the mandible, midface, and cranial vault. It is successful in treating a ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Craniosynostosis Craniosynostosis results from the premature closure of one or more sutures of the skull. Depending on the number of sutures involved, and the range of ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Crouzon Syndrome Crouzon syndrome is a genetically inherited syndrome characterized by craniosynostosis (premature fusion of coronal sutures) resulting in the skull an ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cutaneous Horn A cutaneous horn is usually evident upon physical examination and can be described as a white or yellow exophytic protrusion in the shape of an animal ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cutis Laxa Cutis laxa (CL) is a group of rare diseases of connective tissue characterized by redundant skin with loss of elasticity and premature aging. Heritabl ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita Cutis marmorata telangiectatica (CMTC) is a rare, sporadic, congenital cutaneous vascular disorder of unknown etiology. CMTC usually presents at birth ... Read the Article 0.75 2 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Deep Neck Infections Deep neck infections are a serious but treatable group of infections affecting the deep cervical space and characterized by rapid progression and life ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Deep Plane Facelift A deep plane facelift aims to restore a more youthful and rested appearance to the aging face. This activity reviews the evaluation and management of ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra Dermatosis papulosa nigra (DPN) is a benign epidermal growth that presents as hyperpigmented or skin-colored papules that develop on the face and neck ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dilated Pore Of Winer A dilated pore of Winer (DP), first described by Louis H. Winer in 1954, is a commonly occurring benign adnexal tumor of follicular differentiation. ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Direct Brow Lift With aging, the periorbital soft tissues migrate inferiorly, which may create both functional and cosmetic concerns for the patient. Many techniques, ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Diseases of the Eyelashes Eyelashes are important anatomical structures that protect the eye by stopping the particulate matter from getting to the eye and also by diverting wa ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ear Nerve Block Patients frequently present to the emergency department with a variety of external ear complaints ranging from traumatic injuries (lacerations and avu ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ectropion Lower Eyelid Reconstruction Ectropion is an eversion or outward turning of the eyelid margin leading to loss of the natural apposition of the eyelid to the globe. Ectropion may b ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Endoscopic Brow Lift An endoscopic brow lift aims to restore a more youthful and rested appearance. This activity reviews the evaluation and management of patients underg ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Entropion Entropion is an inversion or inward turning of the eyelid margin. This can result in trichiasis, where the eyelashes are directed posteriorly toward t ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Entropion Eyelid Reconstruction Entropion is an inversion of the eyelid margin. Often the eyelashes are directed posteriorly at the globe. It is an extremely common lid malposition. ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Epidermal Inclusion Cyst Epidermal inclusion cysts are the most common cutaneous cysts and can occur anywhere on the body. These cysts typically present as fluctuant nodules u ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Extended SMAS Facelift The facelift is among the most common cosmetic surgical procedures performed in the United States. Multiple techniques exist, and each is tailored to ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
External Ear Aural Atresia Aural atresia is the absence of a patent ear canal that may be acquired or congenital. To preserve hearing and allow normal speech and language develo ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Eyelid Laceration Eyelid lacerations are managed differently depending on the depth, width, and location of the injury. Surgical management will be broken down into the ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Eyelid Myokymia Eyelid myokymia is described as continuous and fine contractions that affect lower eyelid mainly. The causes of this condition are not well known, but ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Facial Burns Burn injuries are a significant health issue and are a leading cause of accidental death or injury in the U.S. Burns to the face can affect many speci ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Facial Chin Augmentation The chin represents an often underappreciated aesthetic component of the face; however, the chin remains an essential facial subunit that plays a sign ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Facial Nerve Intratemporal Trauma Temporal bone fractures are uncommon but involve many important structures resulting in various diagnostic and therapeutic issues. A large amount of f ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Facial Nerve Repair Facial paralysis is a condition that has a detrimental effect on the quality of life of individuals. The social and psychological implications of faci ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Facial Nerve Trauma Facial nerve palsy is a common presentation to family doctors, the emergency department, and otolaryngologists. Trauma accounts for 10% to 23% of all ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Facial Reconstruction For Mohs Defect Repairs Facial reconstruction encompasses an array of techniques used to correct both cosmetic and functional deficits of the face, a large proportion of whic ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Filler Rhinoplasty The nonsurgical rhinoplasty technique using injectable filler material serves to mainly correct the shape and overall appearance of the nose. This ac ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Forehead Flaps Forehead flaps are 2-stage tissue flaps in which a forehead-based pedicle flap is used to repair more distal nasal defects. This type of flap is gener ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Free Tissue Transfer Of The Lateral Thigh And Anterolateral Thigh The Anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap is a versatile flap with broad indications and can cover almost any defect in the body from head to foot. It has be ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Frey Syndrome Frey syndrome usually occurs with auriculotemporal nerve injury secondary to surgical intervention or trauma in the parotid region. Prevention of this ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Frontal Sinus Fractures Fractures of the frontal sinus are most commonly seen in the emergency department after motor vehicle accidents (MVA's), falls, assaults, falling obje ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Frostbite Frostbite, also known as freezing cold injury is tissue damage that occurs due to cold exposure, occurring at temperatures below zero degrees celsius. ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Full Thickness Skin Grafts Skin grafts consist of fully detached pieces of skin taken from one anatomic site and placed in a wound elsewhere. Full-thickness skin grafts include ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fusiform Incision Fusiform incision is commonly used to remove lesions that are roughly round or oval. Fusiform incisions involve the surgical removal of tissue in a ma ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gorlin Syndrome Gorlin syndrome, also called Gorlin-Goltz syndrome, basal cell nevus syndrome (BCNS), or nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome, is an autosomal dominan ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Granuloma Faciale Granuloma faciale (GF) is a rare, benign, inflammatory skin disease, usually presenting as isolated, well-defined reddish-brown to violaceous asymptom ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hair Transplantation Hair transplantation aims to restore a more youthful appearance for those distressed by hair loss, particularly androgenetic alopecia. This activity ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hemifacial Microsomia Hemifacial microsomia is the second most common congenital craniofacial defect after cleft lip and palate. It can present with a spectrum of deformiti ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hemifacial Spasm Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a disorder characterized by paroxysmal, involuntary twitching of facial muscles of one side of face innervated by ipsilatera ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hidradenitis Suppurativa Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), also called acne inversus, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition with lesions including deep-seated nodules and absc ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hyaluronic Acid Hyaluronic acid is a high-molecular-weight polysaccharide, which is widely distributed in the connective tissue extracellular matrix. Several preparat ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hyperbaric Treatment Of Delayed Radiation Injury There will be 1.2 million cases of invasive cancer diagnosed in the United States this year. Half of those patients will receive radiation therapy as ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hyperkeratosis Hyperkeratosis refers to the increased thickness of the stratum corneum, the outer layer of the skin. It is most frequently due to chronic physical or ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypertelorism Orbital hypertelorism is defined as an increased distance between the orbits, with true lateral displacement of the orbits. Hypertelorism is associate ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypertrichosis Hypertrichosis is defined as excessive hair growth anywhere on the body in either males or females. It is important to distinguish hypertrichosis from ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypertrophic Scarring Hypertrophic scarring represents an undesirable variant in the wound healing process. In hypertrophic scars, excess connective tissue is deposited in ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Infraorbital Nerve Block Nerve blocks are useful for providing anesthesia to a specific area of the body. Regional nerve blocks offer many advantages over local tissue infiltr ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Interpolated Flaps An interpolated flap is a 2-stage tissue flap in which the base of the flap is not directly adjacent to the recipient defect, and the flap bridges ove ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Isotretinoin Isotretinoin is an oral prescription medication that affects sebaceous glands and is used in the treatment of severe acne. The drug was approved by th ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Jodhpur Technique This activity reviews in detail an innovative surgical approach to skin grafting for vitiligo and chronic non-healing ulcers, known as the "Jodhpur te ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Juvenile Xanthogranuloma Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis and is fairly common, often affecting infants and young children. Cutaneous lesi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Keloid Keloids result from abnormal wound healing in response to skin trauma or inflammation. Keloid development rests on genetic and environmental factors. ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Keratoacanthoma Keratoacanthoma (KA) is a low-grade, rapidly growing, 1 to 2 cm dome-shaped skin tumor with a centralized keratinous plug. Over the past hundred years ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lagophthalmos Lagophthalmos describes the incomplete or abnormal closure of the eyelids and has many different causes. This activity reviews the evaluation and mana ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Laryngeal Cancer Laryngeal cancers represent one-third of head and neck cancers and may be a significant source of morbidity and mortality. They are most often diagnos ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Laser Carbon Dioxide Resurfacing Carbon dioxide lasers are an effective treatment modality for photo-aging, mild scarring, and for the treatment of solitary cutaneous lesions. This ac ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Laser Complications Lasers represent a relatively new group of devices used within the field of cutaneous surgery. The field of laser surgery continues to advance with th ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Laser Erbium-Yag Resurfacing Erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser skin resurfacing is an effective technique for minimally invasive and effective management of a number o ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Laser Hair Removal The demand for safe, long-lasting, and effective hair reduction for aesthetic as well as medical indications is on the rise. A variety of options for ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Laser Revision Of Scars Scars are the result of the cutaneous wound healing process that leads to fibrosis and altered skin morphology. All wounds heal with some degree of sc ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Laser Treatment Of Pigmented Lesions Lasers are often used in the treatment of pigmented lesions of the mucosa and skin. Their minimally invasive nature, combined with their efficacy, has ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Latissimus Dorsi Myocutaneous Flap The latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap or myofascial flap is a useful technique with many head, neck, and torso reconstruction applications. When ther ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Le Fort Fractures Le Fort injuries are complex fractures of the midface, named after Rene Le Fort who studied cadaver skulls that were subjected to blunt force trauma. ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Le Fort Osteotomy The LeFort I osteotomy is utilized extensively within the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery when repositioning of the maxilla is required for co ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Leukemia Cutis Leukemia cutis is skin involvement in patients with peripheral leukemia; it is relatively rare and typically signifies an advanced disease stage. This ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lip Implants A lip implant aims to restore a more youthful and aesthetically pleasing look to the perioral region. This activity reviews the evaluation and manage ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Liposuction Liposuction represents a well-described and popular surgical procedure used to reduce localized amounts of adipose tissue in certain regions of the bo ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lower Eyelid Blepharoplasty Blepharoplasty is a surgical technique for correcting defects, deformities, and disfigurations of the eyelids; and for aesthetically modifying the eye ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lower Eyelid Reconstruction Proper function of the eyelids is necessary to maintain healthy globes. Patients with cancer or with traumatic injuries to the eyelids need special at ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lower Lid Transconjunctival Blepharoplasty A transconjunctival lower lid blepharoplasty aims to restore a more youthful and rested appearance to the periorbita. This activity reviews the evalu ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lupus Miliaris Disseminatus Faciei Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei (LMDF) is an idiopathic granulomatous disease affecting facial skin primarily. It shares overlapping features with ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lupus Pernio Lupus pernio is a rare cutaneous manifestation of sarcoidosis. Lupus pernio is a predictive factor for Systemic sarcoidosis with thoracic and extra-th ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mandible Body Fracture The fracture of the body of mandible accounts for almost 11% to 36% among all the mandibular fractures. This activity describes the evaluation and man ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mandible Dislocation This activity reviews the evaluation and management of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation and the role of the healthcare team in the evaluation ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mandible Fracture Mandible is one of the most commonly fractured facial bone and is frequently seen in the emergency department. This activity reviews the anatomy of th ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mandible Osteoradionecrosis Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the mandible is a severe iatrogenic disease of devitalized bone caused by radiation therapy of oral and oropharyngeal canc ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mandible Reconstruction Surgical reconstruction of a damaged or resected mandible is performed to restore functional mastication, the oral phase of swallowing, dental occlusi ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Melanoma Of The Head And Neck Melanoma is a malignant tumor produced from malignant transformation of melanocytes. This can be sporadic or arise from a preexisting premalignant les ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Melasma Melasma is a common skin problem caused by brown to gray-brown patches on the face. Most people get it on their cheeks, chin, nose bridge, forehead, a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mental Nerve Block The mental nerve supplies sensation to the lower teeth, the skin over the chin and lower lip, and the buccal mucosa. Mental nerve blocks allow for exc ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Merkel Cell Carcinoma Of The Skin Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive neuroendocrine tumor of the skin with increasing incidence. It most frequently presents on the head ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Microcystic Adnexal Carcinoma Microcystic adnexal carcinoma is a slow-growing, locally aggressive sweat gland tumor that is more commonly found on the head and neck. This activity ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Microdermabrasion Microdermabrasion (MDA) is a minimally invasive epidermal resurfacing procedure used to treat uneven skin tone/texture, photoaging, striae, melasma, a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Microneedling Microneedling a relatively new procedural therapy used in clinical and aesthetic dermatology. This activity summarizes the role of microneedling in de ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mid Face Facelift Facelifting is a commonly performed procedure in patients wishing to have a more youthful appearing face. There are many different means by which surg ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mid Forehead Brow Lift In most medical conditions, definitions rely upon exact numbers. In the case of brow ptosis, it is judgment combined with measurements. Brow ptosis ex ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Migraine Surgical Interventions Migraines are a common primary neurologic headache that predominantly occurs in the working-age adult. Migraine attacks are frequently triggered by br ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mohs Micrographic Surgery Mohs micrographic surgery is a tissue-sparing, precise method of skin cancer removal named in honor of the surgeon who developed the technique, Freder ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Morphea Morphea, also called localized scleroderma, is a rare inflammatory skin condition that can also affect the subcutaneous tissues. Morphea encompasses m ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
M-plasty An M-plasty is an excisional technique used to remove standing cutaneous deformities, also known as dog ears, from the end of a linear repair. Dog ear ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nasal Fracture Fractures of the naso-orbital-ethmoid (NOE) complex resulting from high impact trauma to the face can have significant ramifications due to the NOE co ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nasal Fracture Reduction Nasal bony fractures are the most common type of facial bone fractures, representing 40 to 50 percent of cases. Nasal fractures are commonly associate ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nasal Septal Fracture Nasal bone and septal fractures are the most commonly fractured bone in the facial skeleton. These injuries can affect not only the cosmetic appearanc ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nasal Septal Hematoma The nose is the most commonly injured facial structure. Most nasal injuries do not require immediate intervention, but trauma is resulting in septal h ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nasopharyngeal Cancer The nasopharynx is a small, tubular structure above the soft palate that connects the nose to the oropharynx. Cancers that arise from this area are us ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), previously known as lymphoepithelioma, is a malignancy arising from the epithelium of the nasopharynx. Endemic to Chin ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Neck Rejuvenation Neck rejuvenation can address loose skin over the neck, platysmal bands, and effacement of the cervicomental angle. This activity reviews the evaluati ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Neurofibroma Neurofibromas are the most common peripheral nerve sheath tumor and are often found either by patients or during routine skin exams. These lesions app ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nevus Of Ota And Ito Ocular dermal melanosis, also known as nevus of Ota or oculodermal melanocyte, is benign melanosis that involves the distribution of the trigeminal ne ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ochronosis Ochronosis is named for the reddish-brown hue of tissue termed "ochre-like" that was first described by a young physician named Archibald Garrod in th ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Open Rhinoplasty The open rhinoplasty technique is used to correct both the cosmetic and functional deficits of the nose. Rhinoplasty remains among the most challengi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Oral Cutaneous Fistula Oral cutaneous fistulas (OCF) are an infrequent condition in which there is a pathologic communication between the oral cavity and the skin. Chronic d ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Orbital Floor Fracture Fractures of the orbital floor and the medial orbital wall (blowout fractures) are common midface injuries. Orbital fractures have a distinct trauma m ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, commonly known as throat cancer or tonsil cancer, is a type of head and neck cancer that refers to the cancer o ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Osteocutaneous Radial Forearm Flap The osteocutaneous radial forearm flap is a variant of the fasciocutaneous radial forearm free flap wherein partial thickness of the radius is harvest ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Otoplasty Otoplasty is a cosmetic procedure used to change the position, shape, or size of the ear using permanent sutures. The primary indication for otoplasty ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Paramedian Forehead Flaps Often referred to as a workhorse in facial reconstruction, the paramedian forehead flap is the most common interpolated flap harvested from the face. ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Parotid Cancer Salivary gland tumors are characterized by diverse histological appearances and variable biological behavior. The distinction between tumor types can ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Parotidectomy Parotidectomy is a common procedure in head and neck surgery. An appropriate incision and identification of multiple anatomical landmarks are necessar ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pediatric Facial Fractures Trauma is a significant cause of morbidity and death in children. Trauma to the head is the most common anatomic site, and while facial fractures are ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pediatric Facial Trauma Pediatric facial trauma includes blunt and penetrating trauma to the structures of the face in patients ages less than 18 years. This article primaril ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pfeiffer Syndrome Pfeiffer syndrome is an inherited craniofacial disorder that is associated with primary craniosynostosis, midface hypoplasia, broad thumbs and great t ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
PHACE Syndrome Infantile hemangioma is the most prevalent benign tumor of infancy, with an estimated incidence between 4 and 5 percent. Large facial segmental hemang ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Phototherapy Phototherapy is an effective treatment modality for several diseases. It can be used to treat neonatal jaundice and mostly used to treat various commo ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pilar Cyst Pilar cysts, also trichilemmal cysts, are common dermal cysts. They occur in less than 10 percent of the population but are the most common type of sk ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Platysmaplasty Facelift This activity reviews various types of platysmaplasty used in the rejuvenation of the aging face and neck and reviews the role of the interprofessiona ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Poly-L-Lactic Acid Poly-L-lactic acid is an absorbable, semi-permanent, injectable implant that can be used to restore volume and stimulate collagen formation gradually. ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Postinflammatory Hyperpigmentation Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is a common acquired disorder occurring after skin inflammation or injury. It is chronic and is more common a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pott Puffy Tumor Pott puffy tumor is a subperiosteal abscess due to associated frontal skull osteomyelitis. This usually occurs as a rare complication of frontal sinus ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Preoperative Antibiotic Prophylaxis Preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis is the administration of antibiotics before performing surgery to help decrease the risk of postoperative infectio ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ptosis Ptosis is known as the drooping of the upper eyelid, and the patient usually presents with the complaint of the defect in vision and cosmesis. It can ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Radial Forearm Tissue Transfer he radial forearm free flap (RFFF) has gained tremendous popularity since its introduction in 1978 as a reconstructive option. This flap's relative ea ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Radiation Therapy In The Treatment Of Keloids Keloids are benign raised scars that are formed after cutaneous insult. Normally, cutaneous injury results in wound closure and a flat scar. Some in ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Retrognathia Retrognathia is a term used to describe a mandible that is posterior to and behind where it should be when viewed from a lateral vantage point. Retrog ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder of the joints characterized by inflammatory arthritis as well as extra-articular involvement. It c ... Read the Article 1.75 25 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rhinophyma Rhinophyma is a disfiguring nasal deformity due to the proliferation of sebaceous glands and underlying connective tissue. This activity describes the ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rhinoplasty Rhinoplasty is one of the most popular surgeries worldwide. In the United States alone, more than 200.000 were performed in 2018, rendering it the thi ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rhombic Flaps Rhombic flaps are highly versatile flaps based on their unique mechanical characteristics with a wide range of potential applications. This activity r ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rhytidectomy Rhytidectomy is performed to rejuvenate the face, mitigating the effects of aging. An overview of its history, and some of the surgical approaches and ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rosacea Rosacea is a common chronic inflammatory disease that presents with recurrent flushing, erythema, telangiectasia, papules, or pustules on nose, chin, ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rotation Flaps A flap is used when simpler closure techniques, such as secondary intention, primary closure, or skin grafts, will produce a result that is functional ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Scalp Laceration A laceration is a pattern of injury in which blunt forces result in a tear in the skin and underlying tissues. Lacerations in the scalp are different ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Scalp Reconstruction Scalp reconstruction procedures are done for medical or cosmetic reasons. Scalp reconstruction techniques share similarities to plastic surgery techni ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Scar Revision Patients may want a scar revision for a multitude of reasons. They can cause function limitations, be a reminder of a traumatic event, or cause other ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sebaceous Gland Carcinoma Sebaceous carcinomas are rare malignant tumors of the sebaceous glands. They most commonly develop on the eyelid, but may arise from anywhere sebaceou ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Septal Perforation Nasal septal perforation is a full-thickness defect of the nasal septum. Bilateral mucoperichondrial leaflets and a structural middle layer comprise t ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Silver Sulfadiazine Silver sulfadiazine is a medication used in the prevention, management, and treatment of burn wound infections. It is a heavy metal topical agent with ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Skin Antiseptics Antiseptics are chemical agents applied to the skin to reduce the microbial count and reduce the risk of surgical site infections (SSIs). SSIs are def ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Skin Biopsy Skin biopsy is an important and common diagnostic procedure in dermatology practice. Various methods of skin biopsy exist, and multiple factors are co ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Skin Grafting Skin grafting is a closure technique used in dermatology most commonly to close wounds created by the removal of skin cancer. Although currently less ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Skin Resurfacing Chemical Peels Skin resurfacing with a chemical peel aims to restore a more youthful and rested appearance to the aging face. This activity reviews the evaluation a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Skin Resurfacing Dermabrasion Dermabrasion involves the use of abrasive materials to induce epidermal and dermal injury, resulting in the improvement of the appearance of the skin ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
SMAS Plication Facelift The SMAS (superficial musculoaponeurotic system) plication technique evolved as a minimally invasive technique to provide an alternative to highly inv ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Split-Thickness Skin Grafts Split-thickness skin grafts are versatile adjuncts to wound closure in burns, trauma, reconstruction, and other large wounds. This activity outlines a ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Squamous Cell Skin Cancer Squamous cell carcinoma, the second most common form of skin cancer, is caused by the cumulative exposure of skin to UV light. This condition has prec ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sturge-Weber Syndrome Sturge-Weber syndrome, also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a neurocutaneous disorder characterized by angiomas involving the face, chor ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Supertrochlear Nerve Block The supratrochlear nerve block is a special procedure, which can be utilized to relieve pain in the mid-forehead region. It can provide anesthesia for ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Supraorbital Nerve Block The supraorbital nerve block is a procedure performed to provide immediate localized anesthesia for a multitude of injuries such as complex laceration ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sural Nerve Graft Peripheral nerve injuries are a frequent condition commonly developed as a consequence of trauma. They may occur due to various mechanisms including l ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome Temporomandibular joint syndrome is also known as temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a common type of musculoskeletal disorder in the orofacial regio ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Temporoparietal Fascia Flaps This activity reviews the temporoparietal fascia flap and highlights the background, indications, and technique of this surgical approach. This techni ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tongue Laceration The tongue is a muscular organ that plays a central role in a person’s ability to communicate and to experience food via taste, chewing and swallowing ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Topical, Local, and Regional Anesthesia and Anesthetics Nerve impulse transmission occurs when voltage-gated sodium channels on the neuronal membrane open, allowing a massive influx of sodium. This causes m ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Transconjunctival Blepharoplasty Transconjunctival blepharoplasty is usually used for cosmetic improvement of the lower eyelid or for reconstructive surgery. In this procedure, there ... Read the Article 0.75 2 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Transposition Flaps Transposition flaps recruit noncontiguous donor tissue that is incised and lifted over intact skin and placed into a surgical wound. This allows the u ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ultrasound Therapy Ultrasound has expanded from the diagnostic realm into alternative therapies for breast, uterine, and even cardiac soft tissue abnormalities. Understa ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Upper Eyelid Blepharoplasty Upper eyelid blepharoplasty, whether performed for cosmetic or functional reasons, is one of the most common operations performed on the face. Eyes an ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Upper Eyelid Reconstruction This article reviews the various types of upper eyelid reconstruction that are used to repair lid defects, the principles that govern which approaches ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Velocardiofacial Syndrome Velocardiofacial syndrome, also known as Di George syndrome or chromosome 22q11.2 syndrome, is the most common microdeletion syndrome in humans. Thoug ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Velopharyngeal Insufficiency Velopharyngeal dysfunction (VPD) is a disorder of the velopharyngeal (VP) sphincter or valve, which functions to separate the nasal and oral cavities ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Wound Closure Techniques Wound management is an essential part of emergency medicine practice. The clinicians care for wounds ranging from minor and simple lacerations or abra ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Wound Grafts Skin grafting is a procedure that is essential to reconstructive surgery for patients who have suffered burns, traumas, and non-healing or large wound ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Wound Irrigation Wounds and lacerations are common complaints. Each year in the United States, roughly 12.2 million patients are seen in emergency departments for woun ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Z Plasty Z-plasty, previously referred to as converging triangular flaps, is a very common surgical technique in plastic and reconstructive surgery used to rev ... Read the Article 0.75 2 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Zygomatic Arch Fracture The zygoma is the second most common fracture of the face, just behind nasal fractures, which can cause significant cosmetic and functional deformity. ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO

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