• Sign Up

Pathology-Cytopathology

Pathology-Cytopathology

Stay up to date on the latest medical knowledge with this Pathology-Cytopathology activity. In this online self-assessment activity, you'll read our reference articles and test your knowledge with 473 activities in Pathology-Cytopathology for 420.75 total CME hours.


6 Month Unlimited Physician MD/DO/PA CME

$199

Access to all the Physician MD/DO/PA CME activities in all specialties.
1 Year Unlimited Physician MD/DO/PA CME

$299

Access to all the Physician MD/DO/PA CME activities in all specialties.

Featured Article Activities

Course Image

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common leukemia among the adult population and accounts for about 80% of all ca ...
Read the Article No Registration Required

Rating: -.-
Hours: 1

Activity MD/PA Info Activity DO Info
Course Image

Amniotic Fluid Embolism

Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare entity, but one which has very high mortality and morbidity rates. This article ...
Read the Article No Registration Required

Rating: -.-
Hours: 1

Activity MD/PA Info Activity DO Info
Course Image

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a group of malignant neoplasms originating from the lymphoid tissues, mainly the lymph nodes. Th ...
Read the Article No Registration Required

Rating: -.-
Hours: 1.25

Activity MD/PA Info Activity DO Info
Course Image

Aflatoxin Toxicity

Aflatoxins are metabolites produced by toxigenic strains of molds, mainly Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus which gr ...
Read the Article No Registration Required

Rating: -.-
Hours: 0.75

Activity MD/PA Info Activity DO Info
Course Image

Goodpasture Syndrome

Goodpasture syndrome, also referred to as anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease, is an autoimmune disease ...
Read the Article No Registration Required

Rating: -.-
Hours: 1.25

Activity MD/PA Info Activity DO Info
Course Image

Syphilis

Syphilis is a systemic, bacterial infection caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Due to its many protean clinica ...
Read the Article No Registration Required

Rating: -.-
Hours: 2.5

Activity MD/PA Info Activity DO Info

Pathology-Cytopathology Activities

Title Description Hours Questions
Abetalipoproteinemia Abetalipoproteinemia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder marked by low or absent levels of plasma cholesterol, low-density lipoproteins and very-lo ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acquired Digital Fibrokeratoma Acquired digital fibrokeratoma (ADFK) is a rare, benign, fibrous tumor. It usually occurs in adults as a solitary lesion on fingers and toes. Since AD ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acral Lentiginous Melanoma Acral lentiginous melanoma is a subtype of cutaneous malignant melanoma. It is comprised of malignant melanocytes, which can become invasive with time ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acrochordon Acrochordons (fibroepithelial polyps, skin tags, papillomas) are common benign neoplasms of the skin, often associated with obesity. These small pedun ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acrodermatitis Chronica Atrophicans Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans (ACA) is a late and chronic manifestation of Lyme borreliosis. If untreated, ACA progresses from an early inflamma ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Actinic Cheilitis Actinic cheilitis is a precancerous lesion that forms most commonly on the lower lip. Similar to actinic keratosis, actinic cheilitis can undergo mali ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Interstitial Pneumonia Acute interstitial pneumonia is a form of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia with an acute onset and a rapidly progressive course that frequently leads ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is a malignancy of B or T lymphoblasts characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of abnormal, immature lymphocytes ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Myeloid Leukemia Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common leukemia among the adult population and accounts for about 80% of all cases. It is characterized by cl ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Myocarditis Acute myocarditis is inflammation of the myocardium. It is typically seen in infants and teenagers but can occur at any age. It most commonly results ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia Acute promyelocytic leukemia is a distinguished subset of acute myeloid leukemia which is characterized by fusion gene transcript PML-RAR-alpha and hi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Transplantation Rejection Acute transplant rejection occurs days to months after a transplant when the immune system identifies a grafted organ as foreign and attacks it. Acute ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adenocarcinoma Adenocarcinomas are malignant tumors formed from glandular structures in epithelial tissue. They can arise from a variety of tissues. This activity re ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adenoid Cystic Cancer Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignancy arising from the secretory glands, most commonly seen involving the salivary glands. Although unco ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adiposis Dolorosa Adiposis dolorosa is a rare disorder of multiple painful subcutaneous growths of adipose tissue most commonly affecting the proximal extremities, trun ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adrenal Hypoplasia Adrenal hypoplasia is a condition in which there is underdevelopment or hypotrophy of the adrenal cortex due to several clinical conditions. It falls ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adrenal Metastasis Adrenal metastases are the most common malignant lesions involving the adrenal gland and the second most common tumor of the adrenal gland after benig ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Aflatoxin Toxicity Aflatoxins are metabolites produced by toxigenic strains of molds, mainly Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus which grow in soil, hay, decaying vege ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Agammaglobulinemia Agammaglobulinemia or hypogammaglobulinemia is a rare inherited immunodeficiency disorder, characterized by low or absent B cells with absent immunogl ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Alcoholic Liver Disease The first stage of alcoholic liver disease is hepatic steatosis, which involves the accumulation of small fat droplets under liver cells approaching t ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
ALK Negative Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma ALK-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALK(-) ALCL) is an uncommon CD30-positive T-cell lymphoma that presents a major diagnostic challenge. It ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Allergic Interstitial Nephritis Allergic interstitial nephritis (AIN) is the most common form of acute interstitial nephritis. It is most often caused by exposure to a drug. AIN is o ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Alpers-Huttenlocher Syndrome Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome (AHS) is a rare disease that is important to consider in children presenting with neurologic and hepatic symptoms. This a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Alveolar Proteinosis Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare disease characterized by an accumulation of a lipoproteinaceous material within the alveoli. It can be idiopa ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ameloblastoma Ameloblastomas are rare, odontogenic tumors derived from odontogenic ectoderm. Ameloblastomas represent about 1% of all jaw tumors, but they are the s ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Amniotic Fluid Embolism Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare entity, but one which has very high mortality and morbidity rates. This article will explain the clinical pres ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ampullary Cancer Ampullary cancer arises from ampulla of Vater terminal to the confluence of the distal common bile duct (CBD) and the pancreatic duct. It is important ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Amyloidosis Amyloidosis is a heterogeneous acquired or hereditary disease that results from the abnormal deposition of beta-sheet fibrillar protein aggregates in ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Anagen Effluvium Anagen effluvium is a form of nonscarring alopecia commonly associated with chemotherapy. In this disorder, affected anagen hairs suffer a toxic or in ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Analgesic Nephropathy Analgesic nephropathy is chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis caused by chronic use of analgesics such as acetaminophen, aspirin, and NSAIDs as the pr ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, also known as undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma, is a rare, highly aggressive malignant tumor accounting for 2 to 3 per ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
ANCA Positive Vasculitis Antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated vasculitides are a heterogeneous group of rare autoimmune conditions that causes an inflammati ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Anemia Anemia is a reduction in hemoglobin (Hb) or hematocrit (HCT) or RBC count. It is a presentation of an underlying condition and can be subdivided into ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Anetoderma Anetoderma is a benign, uncommon skin disorder of elastolysis, causing discrete focal areas of flaccid skin. Anetoderma has no racial predilection. It ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Angiodysplasia Angiodysplasia is an abnormal, tortuous, dilated small blood vessel in the mucosal and submucosal layers of the GI tract. It is the most common vascul ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Angiokeratoma Circumscriptum Angiokeratomas are a group of capillary malformations characterized by vascular ectasias of the papillary dermis associated with hyperkeratosis, papil ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia With Eosinophilia Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE), also known as epithelioid hemangioma, is an uncommon, benign vasoproliferative disorder. The patho ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Angiosarcoma Angiosarcoma is a tumor of endothelial cell-origin that comprises 1% of all soft tissue sarcomas. It is an aggressive malignancy that carries a poor p ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Anifrolumab Anifrolumab is a novel investigational agent used in the management and treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). It is a fully humanized IgG1k ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Antibody Deficiency Disorder Antibody deficiency disorders may present soon after birth with recurrent infections. Normal individuals have 5 classes of immunoglobulins and several ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Antiphospholipid Syndrome Antiphospholipid antibodies are autoantibodies that are directed against phospholipid-binding proteins. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APLS) is characteri ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Aortic Regurgitation Aortic regurgitation is the inadequate closure of the aortic valve during diastole that results in reverse blood flow through the aortic valve. This c ... Read the Article 1.5 20 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Apocrine Hidrocystoma Apocrine hidrocystoma is a rare benign cystic tumor of the apocrine sweat glands. It most commonly presents as a solitary, asymptomatic, papule or nod ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Apocrine Miliaria Fox-Fordyce Disease (FFD), the eponym for apocrine miliaria, is a rare chronic inflammatory skin disorder of the apocrine glands that is characterized ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Appendix Cancer Appendiceal malignancies are a rare group of tumors often found incidentally during surgical removal of the appendix. Histologically, this malignancy ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Argyria Argyria is a dermatologic condition that is acquired by exposure to or ingestion of silver, and it presents with the insidious onset of gray or blue m ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Arsenical Keratosis Arsenical keratosis is an important cutaneous manifestation of chronic arsenic toxicity (CAT). As it is a common presenting complaint of CAT and a pre ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Asbestosis Asbestosis is an interstitial lung disease caused by inhalation of asbestos fibers. Asbestos fibers have been historically chosen for construction, sh ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ascites Ascites is the pathologic accumulation of fluid within the peritoneal cavity. It is the most common complication of cirrhosis and occurs in about 50% ... Read the Article 1.25 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Asherman Syndrome Asherman syndrome (intrauterine adhesions or intrauterine synechiae) occurs when scar tissue forms inside the uterus and/or the cervix. These adhesion ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Astrocytoma Astrocytoma originates in astrocytes, which are a kind of glial cells in the cerebrum which are star-shaped. It is the most common glioma, usually aff ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Atrial Myxoma Myxomas are the most common primary cardiac tumor. It is estimated that more than 75% of myxomas originate in the left atrium either at the mitral ann ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Atrophie Blanche Atrophie blanche (AB) is a morphologic pattern of scarring that occurs secondary to a clinicopathologic entity known as livedoid vasculopathy. This is ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Atypical Ductal Hyperplasia Atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) is a pathology finding, usually found incidentally on biopsy of the breast. ADH is associated with an increased risk ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Atypical Fibroxanthoma Atypical fibroxanthoma is a rare, low-grade superficial sarcoma that frequently presents as a red nodule or plaque. It is considered a superficial var ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) is a category of cervical epithelial cell abnormalities described by the Bethesda system ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Autoimmune Hepatitis Autoimmune hepatitis refers to a chronic and progressive inflammation of the liver from an unknown cause. Proposed mechanism for the development of au ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Autoimmune Hepatitis and Pregnancy Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic inflammatory liver disorder that is usually characterized by circulating autoantibodies and elevated serum glo ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Autoimmune Myopathies Idiopathic inflammatory myositis (IIM) is classified into four subtypes based on clinical and histopathological features. Polymyositis (PM) and dermat ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Autoimmune Pancreatitis Autoimmune pancreatitis is a clinical condition characterized by inflammation of the pancreas from an autoimmune etiology. It is an uncommon cause of ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Axillary Lymphadenectomy Axillary lymphadenectomy is a procedure performed most commonly for breast cancer lymph node metastasis, and this activity focuses on breast cancer sp ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bacillus Calmette Guerin Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is the live attenuated vaccine form of Mycobacterium bovis used to prevent tuberculosis and other mycobacterial infecti ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bacterial Pneumonia The word "pneumonia" originates from the ancient Greek word "pneumon," which means "lung," so the word "pneumonia" becomes "lung disease." Medically i ... Read the Article 1.75 26 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Balanitis Balanitis is an inflammation of the glans penis. Men with balanitis often present with penile pain and erythema. This activity explains the risk facto ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Balanitis Circumscripta Plasmacellularis Balanitis circumscripta is a chronic idiopathic reactive balanoposthitis that can occur in uncircumcised men and is caused by a dysfunctional foreskin ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Basal Cell Cancer Basal cell carcinoma a common cutaneous malignancy that occurs mostly on sun-damaged skin of the head, neck, and trunk. Basal cell carcinoma can be di ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Benign Florid Vascular Proliferation Mimicking Vascular Neoplasm Florid vascular proliferation (FVP) is a benign pseudo-neoplastic reactive proliferation of small vessels in the colon, which can mimic other benign o ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Benign Mesothelioma Mesotheliomas represent a proliferative neoplasm made up of epithelial and mesenchymal cells of the mesothelium which make up part of the serosal cove ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Benign Salivary Gland Tumors Salivary gland neoplasms encompass a wide array of different histologies and locations, including the parotid, submandibular gland, sublingual gland, ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Biliary Atresia Biliary atresia is a disease of the intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts with an unknown etiology. It presents in neonates with jaundice, clay colo ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Biliary Tract Cholangiocarcinoma The diagnosis and management of cholangiocarcinoma are challenging and complex. To achieve good results and provide appropriate patient care, the trea ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Birdshot Retinopathy Birdshot chorioretinopathy (BCR) is an unusual form of chronic, bilateral, posterior uveitis with a distinguishing clinical phenotype, and a strong as ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bladder Cancer Bladder cancer is any neoplasm that arises from the urinary bladder. It is the most common urinary tract neoplasm with urothelial carcinoma (UC) being ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Blue Nevus Blue nevi are melanotic dermal lesions that commonly presents as a blue nodule on the scalp, extremities, sacrococcygeal region, or buttocks. Its char ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bone Marrow Aspiration And Biopsy Bone marrow aspiration and biopsies are often performed both in the inpatient and outpatient settings for the diagnosis of a multitude of hematologic ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bone Marrow Failure Bone marrow failure (BMF) refers to the decreased production of one or more major hematopoietic lineages which leads to diminished or absent hematopoi ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Breast Cancer Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women, accounting for more than 1 in 10 new cancer diagnoses each year. It is the second most com ... Read the Article 1.25 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Breast Fat Necrosis Breast fat necrosis is a non-suppurative inflammation of adipose tissue caused by the disruption of oxygen supply to fat cells, ultimately leading to ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Breast Fibroadenoma A breast fibroadenoma is a painless, unilateral, benign tumor that presents as a solid lump. It commonly occurs in women between the age of 14 to 35 y ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Breast Lymphatics Breast cancer is the most commonly seen cancer diagnosis in women worldwide. Lymph node involvement is one of the most important prognostic factors in ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Breast Nipple Discharge Nipple discharge is fluid that leaks from one or both nipples of non-pregnant and non-breastfeeding women. Nipple discharge can at times be a complex ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Breast Ultrasound Breast ultrasound is performed due to the high incidence rate of breast cancer amongst women globally. Ultrasound is typically used as an adjunct to m ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bronchiolitis Obliterans Bronchiolitis obliterans is also known as obliterative bronchiolitis or constrictive bronchiolitis. When it occurs after lung transplantation or hemat ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bronchoalveolar Cancer Bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC) is a variant of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that in recent years has received a new identity and nomenclatur ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Bronchoalveolar Lavage or BAL is a minimally invasive procedure that involves instillation of sterile normal saline into a subsegment of the lung, fol ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bronchogenic Cyst Bronchogenic cysts are foregut-derived cystic malformations of the respiratory tract. They are usually located within the mediastinum at an early stag ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bruton Agammaglobulinemia Bruton agammaglobulinemia, also known as X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) or Bruton's agammaglobulinemia, is an inherited immunodeficiency disorder. ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bullosis Diabeticorum Bullosis diabeticorum (BD), also known as diabetic bullae or bullous eruption of diabetes mellitus, is a specific type of skin lesion occurring in pat ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bullous Emphysema The definition of a bulla is an air-filled space of 1 cm in diameter within the lung which has developed because of emphysematous destruction of the l ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bullous Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Bullous systemic lupus erythematosus (BSLE) is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus. It has clinical and histological features that ma ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Burkitt Lymphoma Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphoma. The disease is associated with Epstein Barr virus (EBV), human immunodeficiency vi ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Calcifying Epithelioma of Malherbe A pilomatrixoma, or calcifying epithelioma of Malherbe, is a benign tumor of the hair follicle matrix that exclusively occurs in heat-bearing areas. T ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Calcinosis Cutis Calcinosis cutis occurs when calcium salts are deposited into the skin and subcutaneous tissue. It is classified into five main types: dystrophic, met ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Calciphylaxis Calciphylaxis, also known as calcific uremic arteriolopathy, is a rare but potentially devastating condition most often observed in patients with end- ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Carcinoid Tumors Carcinoid tumors are slow-growing tumors arising from neuroendocrine cells and capable of secreting a variety of peptides and neuroamines. The common ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Carcinomatous Meningitis Carcinomatous meningitis is the dissemination of malignant cells from the primary tumor sites to leptomeningeal layers of the CNS. It occurs in the ad ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cardiac Cancer Cardiac tumors are uncommon and can be primary or metastatic. Primary cardiac tumors are rare, and the incidence is from 0.001 to 0.3% by autopsy. The ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cardiac Chromaffin Cell Pheochromocytoma Cardiac pheochromocytoma is a rare type of primary cardiac tumor. It is a catecholamine-secreting tumor that can cause serious morbidity and mortality ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cardiac Cirrhosis Cardiac cirrhosis is a term used to include the spectrum of hepatic disorders that occur secondary to hepatic congestion due to cardiac dysfunction, e ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Central Nervous System Lymphoma Lymphoma of the central nervous system, both primary and secondary, represents a rare subset of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. According to the World Health Or ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cerebellopontine Angle Cancer The cerebellopontine angle (CPA) is an important landmark anatomically and clinically. The most common lesions at the CPA are vestibular schwannoma, m ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy Cerebral amyloid angiopathy is a type of cerebrovascular disorder characterized by the accumulation of amyloid beta-peptide within the leptomeninges a ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cervical Cancer Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women worldwide. Primary prevention and screening are by far the most effective modalities for ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cervical Clear Cell Carcinoma The management of clear cell carcinoma of the cervix is complex, and new approaches have been recently introduced. To achieve optimal outcomes, the ba ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cervical Dysplasia The Pap smear is responsible for decreasing the incidence of and mortality rates from cervical cancer. The Papanicolaou (Pap) smear is a collection of ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia Cervical cancer incidence and mortality have decreased due primarily to screening programs using the pap smear. As more outcome data has become availa ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Child Syndrome Congenital hemidysplasia with ichthyosiform erythroderma and limb defects syndrome, also known as CHILD syndrome, is a rare condition that affects dif ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-Cell Therapy Chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) are recombinant receptors for antigens which redirect the specificity and function of T lymphocytes and/or other imm ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cholestatic Jaundice Cholestasis is defined as stagnation, or at least a marked reduction, in bile secretion and flow. Cholestasis can be due to a functional impairment of ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chondrodermatitis Nodularis Helicis Chondrodermatitis nodularis chronica helicis (CNH) is a benign inflammatory condition that affects the skin and cartilage of the pinna. CNH, also know ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chondrosarcoma Chondrosarcomas are malignant cartilaginous neoplasms with diverse morphological features and clinical behavior. They account for about 20 percent of ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chordoma A chordoma is a low-grade, slow-growing but locally invasive and locally aggressive tumor that is a type of sarcoma. Chordomas arise from remnants of ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chromhidrosis Chromhidrosis is a rare condition with a characteristic presentation of the secretion of colored sweat. This condition can further subdivide into apoc ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chromoblastomycosis Chromoblastomycosis is a chronic granulomatous infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by several different dematiaceous fungi and result ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Granulomatous Disease Chronic granulomatous diseases (CGD) are a group of recurrent life-threatening infections due to a hereditary defect in forming reactive oxygen specie ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Inflammation Chronic inflammation is also referred to as slow, long-term inflammation lasting several months to years. Generally, the extent and effects of chronic ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Kidney Transplant Rejection Kidney transplantation is currently the definitive treatment for patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Compared to dialysis, kidney transpla ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a chronic lymphoproliferative disorder characterized by monoclonal B cell proliferation. It is the most common adult l ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), BCR-ABL1-positive, is classified as a myeloproliferative neoplasm predominantly composed of proliferating granulocytes ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Transplantation Rejection Transplant rejection can be classified as hyperacute, acute, or chronic. Hyperacute rejection is usually caused by specific antibodies against the gra ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy Sports-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) has become increasingly popular in the scientific literature over the past few decades. However, the first ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Churg Strauss Syndrome Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, formerly known as Churg-Strauss syndrome, belongs to a group of diseases characterized by necrotizing v ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cicatricial Pemphigoid Cicatricial pemphigoid is a rare, chronic autoimmune blistering disorder which can produce scarring. It can affect the skin, the mucous membranes, or ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Colitis Colitis is an increasingly common condition in which the mucosal lining of the colon becomes acutely or chronically inflamed. Patients with colitis ma ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Condyloma Acuminata Condyloma acuminata is a manifestation of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. The condition is characterized by skin-colored, fleshy papules in the ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Confluent And Reticulated Papillomatosis Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis (CRP), also known as Gougerot-Carteaud syndrome, is caused by disordered keratinization. It presents with asy ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Congenital Myotonic Dystrophy Congenital myotonic dystrophy (CMD) is an autosomal dominant neuromuscular disorder with multisystem involvement. It is a subtype of myotonic dystroph ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation Congenital pulmonary airway malformation is a congenital lung disease that can present from the prenatal period to childhood. Though rare overall, it ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Congenital Smooth Muscle Hamartoma Congenital smooth muscle hamartoma is a benign proliferation of smooth muscle cells, organized in haphazardly-oriented bundles among the reticular der ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Conus And Cauda Equina Tumors Primary spinal cord tumors are less common than metastatic spinal tumors. Tumors of the spinal canal may be classified in three ways depending on the ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Coxiella Burnetii Coxiella burnetii is the causative agent of Q fever, which is a zoonotic disease. Q fever can present as a febrile illness, pneumonia, or hepatitis. I ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Craniopharyngioma Craniopharyngioma is a rare, virtually benign tumor of the central nervous system (CNS). It is a partly cystic embryonic malformation that can occur i ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Crescentric Glomerulonephritis Crescentric glomerulonephritis, also known as rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, is a condition of the kidney characterized by a rapid loss of re ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Crohn Disease Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are two conditions commonly referred to as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). They are immunologically m ... Read the Article 2 34 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cryglobulinemic Vasculitis Cryoglobulinemic vasculitis is an immune complex-mediated inflammation of blood vessels. It is usually seen as part of other diseases and is the most ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cryoglobulinemia Cryoglobulins are proteins that precipitate from an individual’s serum or plasma at temperatures lower than 37°C. They can be a mixture of immunoglobu ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cryptogenic Cirrhosis Cryptogenic cirrhosis is cirrhosis of uncertain etiology that lacks definitive clinical and histological criteria for a specific disease. Although the ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cultural Competence in the Care of LGBTQ Patients The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or queer/questioning (LGBTQ) community consists of a cross cultural broad range of community members and inclu ... Read the Article 1.5 18 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cutaneous Endometriosis Cutaneous endometriosis can be divided into primary and secondary lesions. They comprise less than 1% of the total cases of endometriosis. However, wi ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cutaneous Leiomyomas Piloleiomyomas are a type of cutaneous leiomyoma. Patients with one or more piloleiomyomas should be evaluated for Reed syndrome, also known as Heredi ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cutaneous Melanoacanthoma Cutaneous melanoacanthoma is a rare benign epithelial lesion that typically presents as a solitary black plaque or nodule, usually on either the head ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cyclic Neutropenia Cyclic neutropenia is a very rare hematological condition characterized by regular fluctuations in blood neutrophil counts, leading to periodic neutro ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cylindroma Cutaneous cylindromas represent a benign adnexal neoplasm that is quite rare, describing a dual lineage proliferation of cells within the dermis. When ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cytomegalovirus Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a wide-spread virus, with manifestations ranging from asymptomatic to severe end-organ dysfunction in immunocompromised patie ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cytomegalovirus Colitis The management of cytomegalovirus colitis is complex, and new approaches have been introduced. To achieve satisfactory outcomes, the basic and clinica ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dermatofibroma Dermatofibromas are referred to as benign fibrous histiocytomas of the skin, or superficial/cutaneous benign fibrous histiocytomas, or common fibrous ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is an uncommon soft tissue tumor that involves the dermis, subcutaneous fat, and in rare cases, muscle and fasc ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra Dermatosis papulosa nigra (DPN) is a benign epidermal growth that presents as hyperpigmented or skin-colored papules that develop on the face and neck ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Diabetic Amyotrophy Diabetic amyotrophy, better known as diabetic lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy (DLRPN), is a rare disorder englobed in the diabetic neuropathy sp ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is an aggressive type of childhood cancer that forms in the brainstem. They are very rare and almost always oc ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Diffuse Proliferative Glomerulonephritis Diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis (DPGN) is a common and serious histological form of renal injury seen commonly in those suffering from autoim ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Digital Mucous Cyst Digital mucous cysts are a type of ganglion commonly found on the hand. They commonly have an association with underlying DIP joint osteoarthritis. Th ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dilated Pore Of Winer A dilated pore of Winer (DP), first described by Louis H. Winer in 1954, is a commonly occurring benign adnexal tumor of follicular differentiation. ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Disseminated Superficial Actinic Porokeratosis Disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis (DSAP) is a disease of disordered keratinization. Disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis is one ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Unfortunately, Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is not only one of the most severe forms of inherited muscular dystrophies but also the most common h ... Read the Article 1.5 21 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
EBV Positive Mucocutaneous Ulcer Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positive B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) are a spectrum of diseases that range from self-limiting, localized cond ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Eccrine Carcinoma Eccrine carcinoma (EC) is a rare carcinoma that originates from the eccrine sweat glands of the skin and accounts for less than 0.01% of diagnosed cut ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ectodermal Dysplasia Ectodermal dysplasias form a diverse group of inherited disorders characterized by a congenital defect in two or more ectodermal structures, one of wh ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Endometrial Biopsy Endometrial biopsy is a simple and effective office-based procedure that samples the endometrium to allow for direct histological evaluation. This act ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Endometrial Cancer Uterine endometrial cancer is the most prevalent gynecologic malignancy in American women and a major cause of both morbidity and mortality. Over 60,0 ... Read the Article 1.75 19 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Endometrial Hyperplasia Endometrial hyperplasia is a common disorder due to exposure to exogenous or endogenous estrogen along with a relative deficiency of progesterone. It ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Endomyocardial Biopsy The role and utility of endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) in the work-up of cardiovascular diseases remains controversial and the practice varies widely in ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Endomyocardial Fibrosis Endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) is characterized by left and right ventricular endocardial fibrosis and resultant restrictive cardiomyopathy. EMF is rar ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Endovascular Papillary Angioendothelioma Endovascular papillary angioendothelioma (EPA), also known as Dabska tumor (DT) and papillary intralymphatic angioendothelioma (PILA), represents a bo ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Entamoeba Histolytica Entamoeba histolytica is a protozoan that causes intestinal amebiasis as well as extra-intestinal manifestations. Although 90 percent of E. histolytic ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Eosinophilia Eosinophils are a kind of blood granulocytes that express cytoplasmic granules that contain basic proteins and bind with acidic dyes like “eosin.” The ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis Epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is a genetic dermatologic condition in which patients show a decreased immunologic ability to defend against and ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Epidermoid Cancer Epidermoid tumors are congenital lesions that arise from ectodermal cells misplaced during the closure of the neural tube in the process of embryogene ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Epidermolysis Bullosa Acquisita Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a rare chronic autoimmune blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes. EBA is caused by autoantibodie ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Epidermolytic Hyperkeratosis Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis (bullous ichthyosiform erythroderma) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder of cornification caused by mutations in kerati ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Epithelioid Sarcoma Epithelioid sarcoma is a rare soft tissue sarcoma of young adults that presents as a painless, slow growing mass. Complete surgical resection can be c ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Epstein Pearls Epstein pearls are small, benign, self-resolving nodules commonly found in the oral cavities of newborns. This activity describes the evaluation and m ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Erythema Annulare Centrifugum Erythema annulare centrifugum (EAC) is an annular, erythematous lesion that appears as an urticaria-like papule and enlarges centrifugally, then clear ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Erythema Nodosum Erythema nodosum (EN) is a common acute nodular septal panniculitis, characterized by the sudden onset of erythematous, firm, solid, deep nodules or p ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Erythrokeratodermia Variabilis Erythrokeratodermia is a group of inherited disorders characterized by well-demarcated erythematous lesions and hyperkeratotic plaques. Erythrokeratod ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Erythromelalgia Erythromelalgia is a rarely occurring disease entity characterized by a triad of erythema, warmth, and recurrent burning pain, most notably affecting ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Esophageal Cancer Esophageal cancer is a deadly malignancy with a very low survival, even with treatment. In the United States, esophageal cancers represent the fifth m ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Esophageal Leiomyoma Esophageal leiomyomas are the most common benign tumors of the esophagus. This activity explains how to properly evaluate for esophageal leiomyoma, a ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Esophageal Stricture An esophageal stricture is an abnormal narrowing of the esophageal lumen. It often presents with difficulty swallowing and has many potential etiologi ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Esthesioneuroblastoma Esthesioneuroblastoma, or olfactory neuroblastoma, is a rare malignant neoplasm of the sinonasal tract originating from the olfactory neuroepithelium ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Extramammary Paget Disease Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is a rare dermatologic condition that frequently presents in areas where apocrine sweat glands are abundant. Most co ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Eyelid Papilloma The term papilloma refers to a group of various benign epithelial proliferations that can affect the eyelid skin. These lesions are not necessarily as ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Felty Syndrome Felty syndrome (FS) is a rare extra-articular manifestation of seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) characterized by RA, neutropenia, and splenomega ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fibrolamellar Hepatocellular Carcinoma Fibrolamellar Hepatocellular Carcinoma (FL-HCC) is a rare cancer of the liver and it displays features that make it very different in its behavior and ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fibrosarcoma Fibrosarcoma is defined as a neoplasm composed of fibroblasts with variable collagen production. This activity serves to provide a high-level overview ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fibrous Dysplasia Fibrous dysplasia is a typically benign bone lesion characterized by intramedullary fibro-osseous proliferation secondary to altered osteogenesis. The ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fine Needle Aspiration Fine-needle aspiration is a minimally invasive way to obtain a cell sample to confirm a diagnosis or to guide treatment. Fine-needle aspiration is an ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
First Degree Burn First-degree burns are superficial burns involving the epidermal layer of skin. The skin is the largest organ of the human body, with its weight compr ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Follicular Adenoma Follicular adenomas are a common benign neoplasm encountered in clinical practice. They usually present as a solitary thyroid nodule, but other presen ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Follicular Lymphoma Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the second most common type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and accounts for up 30% of all lymphomas. FL is a generally lazy ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Folliculitis Folliculitis is a common skin condition that usually involves infection of the hair follicle. While this condition is typically benign, prompt recogni ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gallbladder Cancer Gallbladder cancer (GC) is a rare malignancy but represents almost 50% of all biliary tract cancer. Biliary cancers are highly fatal malignancies with ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gallstones (Cholelithiasis) Gallstones or cholelithiasis are stones that form in the gallbladder composed of cholesterol, bilirubin, and bile. These stones are asymptomatic in mo ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gastric Polyp Gastric polyps are intraluminal projections of mucosal or submucosal tissue. They are generally asymptomatic and, as such, are typically found inciden ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition that develops when there is a retrograde flow of stomach contents back into the esophagus. It ca ... Read the Article 2 31 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gastrointestinal Stromal Cancer Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are typically benign tumors that most commonly occur along the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. While only compris ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gaucher Disease Gaucher disease is an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism due to the toxic accumulation of glucocerebroside lipids in various organs. It re ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Genital Warts Genital warts (condyloma acuminatum) are a sexually transmitted infection caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11. These are spread by ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Geographic Tongue Geographic tongue is a benign chronic relapsing recurring inflammatory condition of the oral cavity of unknown etiology. This activity reviews the eva ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Germ Cell Seminoma Germinoma is an uncommon pediatric brain tumor that is morphologically identical to its gonadal counterpart: testicular seminoma and ovarian dysgermin ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) involves both benign and malignant entities that include hydatidiform mole (complete and partial), choriocarci ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Giant Cell Tumor Giant cell tumor is one of the most common benign bone tumors, occurring in young adults ages 20–40 years with a high recurrence rate and a potential ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Giant Condylomata Acuminata Of Buschke And Lowenstein Giant condylomata acuminata of Bushke-Löwenstein (GCBL) is a rare, slow-growing verrucous tumor of the penis and anogenital region which can grow up t ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gingivitis Gingivitis is an inflammatory condition of the gingival tissue or the gums most commonly due to a bacterial infection. It is inflammation of the gingi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gliomas Glioma is the most common form of central nervous system (CNS) neoplasm that originates from glial cells. In the United States, there are six cases of ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Glomerulonephritis The term "glomerulonephritis" encompasses a subset of renal diseases characterized by immune-mediated damage to the basement membrane, mesangium, or t ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Glomus Cancer Glomangioma or glomuvenous malformation is a rare cutaneous venous malformation that shows glomus cells (undifferentiated smooth muscle cells which ar ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Glycogenic Hepatopathy Glycogenic hepatopathy (GH) is a rare or possibly under-diagnosed complication seen in children and young adults with poorly controlled type 1 diabete ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Goodpasture Syndrome Goodpasture syndrome, also referred to as anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease, is an autoimmune disease that affects both the kidneys ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Graft Versus Host Disease Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) occurs due to the presence of immunocompetent T lymphocytes in the graft attacking the immunodeficient recipient tiss ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Granular Cell Tumor Granular cell tumors are rare neoplasms derived from Schwann cells with characteristic pathologic findings. They can exhibit either benign or malignan ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Granular Parakeratosis Granular parakeratosis is a benign condition that is best categorized as a reaction pattern rather than a distinct cutaneous disease. It presents typi ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Granuloma Annulare Granuloma annulare is a cutaneous granulomatous disease that is not caused by an infection. It is the most common non-infectious granulomatous disease ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Granuloma Faciale Granuloma faciale (GF) is a rare, benign, inflammatory skin disease, usually presenting as isolated, well-defined reddish-brown to violaceous asymptom ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a rare vasculitis affecting small vessels. Hallmark features include necrotizing granulomas and pauci-immune ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Greater Trochanteric Syndrome Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) is a degenerative condition that affects the gluteal tendons and bursa. Repetitive friction between the grea ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
H1N1 Influenza H1N1 influenza is a subtype of influenza A virus, a communicable viral illness which causes upper and in some cases lower respiratory tract infections ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hairy Cell Leukemia Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a rare, chronic B-cell malignancy that involves the spleen, bone marrow, and peripheral blood. Patients often have non-sp ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hairy Leukoplakia Hairy leukoplakia (HL) was first described in 1984 and is a disease of the mucosa. It is associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), also known as human ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hamartoma A hamartoma is a local malformation made up of an abnormal mixture of cells and tissue. Although most hamartomas are benign, they cause morbidity by v ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hematuria Hematuria is the presence of blood in the urine. Hematuria can be gross or microscopic; gross hematuria is visible blood in urine whereas microscopic ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hemochromatosis Hemochromatosis is a disorder that causes excess iron deposition and, in turn, multiple organ dysfunction. Organs affected by hemochromatosis include ... Read the Article 1.5 23 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hemolytic Anemia Hemolytic anemia is a class of anemia that is caused by the destruction of red blood cells, increased hemoglobin catabolism, decreased levels of hemog ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hepatic Cystadenoma Hepatic cystic lesions were once thought to be relatively uncommon; however, they are being diagnosed more frequently with the continued advancement a ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hepatic Lymphoma Primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) is a rare form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) which primarily involves the liver. This is in contrast to predominant lym ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hepatoblastoma Hepatoblastomas are the most common primary malignant liver tumor in pediatric patients, and most often occur within the first 2 years of life. The hi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hereditary And Acquired Ichthyosis Vulgaris Hereditary and acquired ichthyosis vulgaris are cutaneous disorders of keratinization that manifest clinically by a widespread scaling of the skin. Ic ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Herpes Simplex Type 2 This activity reviews the evaluation and management of herpes simplex type 2 and highlights the role of the primary care provider in managing patients ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
High Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion High grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) encompasses the entities previously termed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)2, CIN3, moderate ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hodgkin Lymphoma Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a rare monoclonal lymphoid neoplasm characterized by the following four features: HL usually presents in young adults, common ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Human Papillomavirus The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a non-enveloped, double-stranded, circular DNA virus that is responsible for causing multiple epithelial lesions and ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Human T Cell Lymphotropic Virus Human T Cell lymphotropic viruses (HTLV) are a family of retroviruses. Currently, four types of this virus have been identified which are known to inf ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hydatidiform Mole A hydatiform mole (also known as a molar pregnancy) is a gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD), which originates from the placenta and can metastasi ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hydroa Vacciniforme Hydroa vacciniforme is a rare photosensitivity disorder of childhood. Hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoma is a more aggressive and fatal variant of hydr ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hydroxyurea Toxicity Hydroxyurea is an antineoplastic agent used alone or in combination with other chemotherapeutic drugs or radiation in the treatment of resistant leuke ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypertrophic Scarring Hypertrophic scarring represents an undesirable variant in the wound healing process. In hypertrophic scars, excess connective tissue is deposited in ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypertrophic Scarring Keloids Hypertrophic scars are contained within the site of injury and may regress over time while keloids spread beyond the borders of the initial injury and ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hyperviscosity Syndrome Hyperviscosity syndrome (HVS) is an oncologic emergency that classically presents with the triad of neurological deficits, visual changes, and mucosal ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ichthyosis Fetalis Harlequin ichthyosis (HI) is an extremely rare, autosomal recessive congenital disorder of the epidermal skin layer. Neonates with HI have a high mort ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ichthyosis X-Linked X-linked ichthyosis (XLI), known as steroid sulfatase (STS) deficiency and X-linked recessive ichthyosis, is a genetic skin disorder recognized in 196 ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonia With Autoimmune Features This article is aimed at introducing idiopathic interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) as a separate entity under the umbrella of inte ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Idiopathic Pulmonary Hemorrhage Idiopathic pulmonary hemorrhage is a rare condition caused by bleeding into the lower respiratory tract, usually the alveoli. Its classical presentati ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
IgA Nephropathy IgA nephropathy is a common forms of glomerulonephritis caused by the deposition of IgA type immunoglobulins in the glomerular basement membrane. Immu ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
IgG4 Related Disease Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is also known as IgG4-related systemic disease, hyper-IgG4 disease, IgG4-related autoimmune disease, IgG4- ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Immunoglobulin Immunoglobulins (Ig) or antibodies are glycoproteins that are produced by plasma cells. B cells are instructed by specific immunogens, for, example, b ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Immunoglobulin E As one of the five designated immunoglobulin isotypes, immunoglobulin E (IgE) plays a major role in atopic conditions by inducing immediate hypersensi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Impetigo Impetigo is a common infection of the superficial layers of the epidermis that is highly contagious and most commonly caused by gram-positive bacteria ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Inclusion Body Myositis Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is an autoimmune myopathy that occurs mainly in people older than 50 years of age. The pathogenesis is not completely un ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Influenza Vaccine Influenza viruses belong to Orthomyxoviridae RNA virus family and classify into three distinct types based on their major antigenic differences; influ ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Insulinoma Insulinoma is a type of functional neuroendocrine tumor characterized by hypersecretion of insulin causing hypoglycemia. This activity reviews the man ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Interstitial Nephritis Acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) is one of the common causes of acute kidney injury (AKI). AIN presents as renal failure, and there are a few extrar ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Inverted Urothelial Papilloma Inverted urothelial papilloma is a rare non-invasive endophytic urothelial tumor of the urinary bladder accounting for less than 1% of urothelial neop ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Jessner Lymphocytic Infiltration Of The Skin Jessner lymphocytic infiltration of the skin (JLIS) is a rare, benign skin disorder characterized by asymptomatic, erythematous papular, or plaque-lik ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Juvenile Xanthogranuloma Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis and is fairly common, often affecting infants and young children. Cutaneous lesi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Kaposi Sarcoma Kaposi sarcoma is an interesting soft tissue tumor occurring in several distinct populations with a variety of presentations and courses. In its most ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Keloid Keloids result from abnormal wound healing in response to skin trauma or inflammation. Keloid development rests on genetic and environmental factors. ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Keratoacanthoma Keratoacanthoma (KA) is a low-grade, rapidly growing, 1 to 2 cm dome-shaped skin tumor with a centralized keratinous plug. Over the past hundred years ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Kikuchi Disease Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease is a rare benign self-limiting inflammatory lymphadenitis that develops in young patients, initially described in Asian popul ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Kuru Kuru disease is an infectious, acquired, non-immunogenic, fatal neurodegenerative prion disease. It progresses rapidly with cerebellar and extrapyrami ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Labyrinthitis Labyrinthitis is an inflammation of the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear and typically presents with vertigo, nausea, vomiting, tinnitus, and/or ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lacunar Stroke Lacunar stroke is a common stroke with significant morbidity and mortality. Advancement in knowledge about modifying risk factors and early diagnosis ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an idiopathic condition characterized by proliferation of abnormal Langerhans (antigen-presenting) cells. The d ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Laryngeal Papillomas Laryngeal papilloma is a benign lesion caused by a viral infection of epithelial cells leading to an overgrowth in one or different segments of the re ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Leiomyosarcoma This activity reviews the evaluation, diagnosis, treatment, and latest advances in the field of leiomyosarcoma. In this activity, we will discuss the ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Leishmaniasis Leishmaniasis is a protozoan disease transmitted by sandflies that is most commonly seen in Europe, Africa, Asia, and Latin America. As travel pattern ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lentigo Maligna Melanoma Lentigo maligna (LM) is a slow-growing subtype of melanoma that often occurs on chronically sun-damaged skin, particularly the head and neck, in the e ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Leprosy Leprosy is also referred to as Hansen disease. It is a chronic granulomatous infection generally caused by Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepr ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis is cancer involving the pia mater and arachnoid mater. Studies have shown that both solid tumors, including brain tumors ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Leser Trelat Sign The sign of Leser-Trelat is considered to be a fairly rare paraneoplastic cutaneous marker of internal malignancy with the hallmark finding being an a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Leukemia Cutis Leukemia cutis is skin involvement in patients with peripheral leukemia; it is relatively rare and typically signifies an advanced disease stage. This ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis Leukocytoclastic vasculitis is a cutaneous, small-vessel vasculitis of the dermal capillaries and venules. This condition can be idiopathic or can be ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Leydig Cell Cancer Although testicular cancers are relatively rare, accounting for only 1% to 2% of worldwide male cancer diagnoses, it is the most common malignancy in ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lichen Nitidus Lichen nitidus is a rare benign condition characterized by extensive 1- to 2-mm skin-colored papules commonly occurring on upper extremities, chest, a ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lichen Planus Erosive Form Erosive lichen planus (ELP) is a variant of lichen planus which involves chronic and painful ulceration of the skin and mucosal surfaces. ELP is thoug ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lichen Sclerosus Lichen sclerosus is an uncommon autoimmune condition characterized by skin atrophy and hypopigmentation. It mostly affects the genital skin and occurs ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Linitis Plastica This activity reviews the epidemiology, pathophysiology, genetic background, staging, histological assessment, evaluation, treatment, the prognosis of ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lipoid Pneumonia Lipoid pneumonia is a rare form of lung disease due to aspiration or inhalation of exogenous or endogenous lipid-containing products. In the past, thi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Liposarcoma Liposarcomas arise from lipocytes found in soft tissues as diverse as the esophagus, retroperitoneum, and popliteal fossa. The cellular subtypes of li ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Littoral Cell Splenic Angioma Littoral cell angioma (LCA) is a rare splenic tumor. Both benign and malignant cases have been reported. This activity reviews the clinical presentati ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Liver Metastasis The presence of hepatic metastases increases the morbidity and mortality of patients with another site of a primary tumor disease. The majority of pub ... Read the Article 1.5 21 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lobular Breast Carcinoma Invasive lobular carcinoma is the second most common histologic form of breast cancer, representing 5% to 15% of all invasive breast cancers. It is co ... Read the Article 1.25 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lung Cancer Lung cancer or bronchogenic carcinoma refers to tumors originating in the lung parenchyma or within bronchi. It is one of the leading causes of cancer ... Read the Article 1.75 23 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lung Carcinoid Tumors Pulmonary carcinoid tumors are uncommon neuroendocrine epithelial malignancies accounting for less than 1% of all lung cancers. They divide into two s ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lupus Miliaris Disseminatus Faciei Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei (LMDF) is an idiopathic granulomatous disease affecting facial skin primarily. It shares overlapping features with ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lupus Nephritis Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that results in chronic inflammation and damage of more than one organ. It is diagnosed cl ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lupus Pernio Lupus pernio is a rare cutaneous manifestation of sarcoidosis. Lupus pernio is a predictive factor for Systemic sarcoidosis with thoracic and extra-th ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lymphadenopathy Lymphadenopathy refers to the swelling of lymph nodes which can be secondary to bacterial, viral, or fungal infections, autoimmune disease, and malign ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a primary disease of the lung parenchyma that is caused by abnormal growth of smooth muscle cells in the lung vascul ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)/lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL) is a clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorder of B or T cell origin. The World Health O ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lymphocyte Depleted Hodgkin Lymphoma Lymphocyte-depleted classic Hodgkin lymphoma is the rarest subtype of classic Hodgkin lymphoma, accounting for 1% to 1.5% of classic Hodgkin lymphoma ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lymphocytic Hypophysitis Lymphocytic hypophysitis is a rare, autoimmune condition of the pituitary gland. It causes the pituitary gland to be infiltrated by lymphocytes and ca ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lymphohistiocytosis Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening, hyper-inflammatory disorder affecting both newborns and adults alike. The disease is c ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lymphoma Lymphoma comprises heterogeneous malignancies that arise from the clonal proliferation of lymphocytes. It represents approximately 5% of malignancies. ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, also known as Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, is a low-grade B cell lymphoproliferative neoplasm characterized by small lym ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lymphoproliferative Disorders Lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD) comprise a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled production of lymphocytes that cause mono ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lynch Syndrome Most colorectal cancers occur sporadically; however, inherited cancer syndromes or inherited mutations cause approximately 5 to 10 percent of cases. T ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Malar Rash Malar rash, also named a butterfly rash, is a common facial presentation of multiple disorders. It is characterized by an erythematous flat or raised ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Malignant Melanoma A melanoma is a tumor produced by the malignant transformation of melanocytes. Melanocytes are derived from the neural crest; consequently, melanomas, ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Malignant Melanoma Metastatic To The Central Nervous System Malignant melanoma metastatic to the central nervous system is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The management of these patients is rapi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Malignant Salivary Gland Tumors Salivary gland tumors are a rare group of complex, heterogenous histologies that are located in the parotid gland, submandibular gland, sublingual gla ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
MALToma The neoplastic proliferation of B cells in the marginal zone of lymphoid tissue gives rise to marginal zone B cell lymphomas. Mucosa-associated lympho ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mammary Duct Ectasia Mammary duct ectasia is a benign non-proliferative breast disease. It affects the large duct system. The exact cause is still unknown, but it may be c ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mammary Paget Disease Paget's disease of the breast is an uncommon manifestation of underlying breast cancer in postmenopausal female patients. Underlying breast lesion is ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Marjolin Ulcer A Marjolin ulcer is a cutaneous malignancy that arises in the setting of previously injured skin, longstanding scars, and chronic wounds. Historically ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
McArdle Disease McArdle disease is a genetic disorder that mainly affects skeletal muscles. It occurs due to the deficiency or absence of an enzyme called myophosphor ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mediastinal Seminoma Mediastinal seminoma is a malignant germ cell tumor in the mediastinum. The tumor usually occurs in the anterior-superior mediastinum in males aged 20 ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Medullary Breast Carcinoma Medullary carcinoma is a rare and distinct subgroup of breast carcinomas. Despite its highly malignant characteristics, medullary breast carcinoma car ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Medullary Thyroid Cancer Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a tumor arising from the parafollicular cells, or C cells, of the thyroid gland. Medullary thyroid cancer produces c ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Medulloblastoma While leukemias are the most common type of malignancy affecting the pediatric population, brain tumors are the most common solid tumors in this popul ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Melanotic Neuroectodermal Tumor Of Infancy Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI) is a rapidly growing benign tumor arising from the neural crest cells. It typically affects infants ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Membranous Glomerulonephritis Membranous nephropathy (MN) is an immune complex deposition disease. IgG and complements predominantly deposit beneath the podocytes on the sub-epithe ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Membranous Nephropathy Membranous nephropathy (MN), also known as membranous glomerulopathy, is one of the many glomerular diseases causing nephrotic syndrome. It is charact ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Menetrier Disease Menetrier disease is excessive mucosal hypertrophy associated with protein loss. It is a rare but serious condition and is associated with gastric neo ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Meningioma Meningioma is a known benign central nervous system tumor commonly arising from the meninges of the brain and spinal cord. The rate of recurrence and ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mesenteric Vasculitis Mesenteric vasculitis can present in a variety of vasculitic disorders and some systemic, systemic diseases. The diagnosis of this condition can be ve ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Metformin Metformin, FDA-approved in 1994, is an antidiabetic agent used in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metformin comes in both immediate-release and extended-rel ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Microcystic Adnexal Carcinoma Microcystic adnexal carcinoma is a slow-growing, locally aggressive sweat gland tumor that is more commonly found on the head and neck. This activity ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Miliary Tuberculosis Miliary tuberculosis presentations can be complex and, therefore, diagnosis and treatment are challenging as well. For better management of the patien ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Molluscum Contagiosum Molluscum contagiosum, also called water warts, is a benign condition of the skin. The skin lesions of molluscum contagiosum are called mollusca. The ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mucinous Breast Carcinoma Mucinous carcinoma of the breast is a relatively rare subtype of breast cancer accounting for about 2% of all breast carcinomas. According to the late ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mucoepidermoid Lung Tumor Mucoepidermoid carcinomas are rare salivary gland-type tumors that comprise mucin-secreting cells, squamous cells, and intermediate-type cells. They m ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mucosa-associated Lymphoma Tissue Mucosa-associated lymphoma tissue (MALT) lymphoma is non-Hodgkin lymphoma. They can arise from a variety of tissues. This activity reviews the etiolog ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasias Type 2 Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) is a hereditary cancer syndrome associated primarily with tumors of the adrenal gland, thyroid and parathy ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mycoplasma Infections With over 100 different species, the genus Mycoplasma is a unique bacterium that lacks a cell wall and causes a wide range of symptoms and infections. ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mycosis Fungoides The early identification, diagnosis and management of Mycosis fungoides is imperative in a dermatology out patient setting. This activity reviews the ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Myofascial Pain The fascia is made up of a solid (muscles) and liquid (blood, lymph) elements and components. The myofascial system comprises contractile muscle tissu ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Myofascial Pain Syndrome Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is common among patients with musculoskeletal pain problems. MPS is a pain condition originating from muscle and surrou ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Myopathy Myopathies are a heterogeneous group of disorders primarily affecting the skeletal muscle structure, metabolism or channel function. They usually pres ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Myxopapillary Ependymoma Myxopapillary ependymoma is a distinct subtype of spinal cord ependymomas that has a predilection for the lumbosacral region. To achieve satisfactory ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nasal Polyps Nasal polyps are a ubiquitous diagnosis that can manifest in a variety of diseases, the most common being chronic rhinosinusitis. Although benign, nas ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nasopharyngeal Cancer The nasopharynx is a small, tubular structure above the soft palate that connects the nose to the oropharynx. Cancers that arise from this area are us ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Neurilemmoma The vast majority of tumors of the peripheral nervous system arise from the cells of Schwann, rather than from the nerve cells themselves. Schwann cel ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Neurofibroma Neurofibromas are the most common peripheral nerve sheath tumor and are often found either by patients or during routine skin exams. These lesions app ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Neuroma A neuroma is a benign tumor of nerve tissue that is often associated with pain or in specific types of various other symptoms. Neuromas most commonly ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Neurosarcoidosis Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease that results in the formation of granulomas which classically are non-caseating granulomas, that may be found throug ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nevus Comedonicus Proper diagnosis and management of nevus comedonicus can lead to better patient outcomes and quality of life. This activity reviews the evaluation, ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nevus Of Ota And Ito Ocular dermal melanosis, also known as nevus of Ota or oculodermal melanocyte, is benign melanosis that involves the distribution of the trigeminal ne ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nevus Sebaceous Nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn, also referred to as organoid nevus, is a congenital malformation involving hamartomas of the pilosebaceous follicular uni ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Newborn Subcutaneous Fat Necrosis Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn is a rare, self-limited panniculitis that typically occurs in full-term or post-term newborn infants within t ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nickel Allergy Nickel allergy is a type of contact dermatitis caused by direct contact with nickel. It is the most common identifiable cause of metal-related contact ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Non Small Cell Lung Cancer Lung cancer is a diagnosis that has become a leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Non-small cell lung cancer includes the subsets of adenocarcinom ... Read the Article 1.25 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a group of malignant neoplasms originating from the lymphoid tissues, mainly the lymph nodes. These tumors may result due to c ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ochronosis Ochronosis is named for the reddish-brown hue of tissue termed "ochre-like" that was first described by a young physician named Archibald Garrod in th ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Oligodendroglioma Oligodendroglioma (OG) is a type of diffusely infiltrating glioma and constitutes approximately 5% of primary intracranial tumors. They often involve ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Onchocerciasis Onchocerciasis, also known as river blindness, is the second commonest cause of infectious blindness in the world and is transmitted through the repea ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Oral Melanoma Melanocytes arise from neural crest cells and are usually found in the skin. However, melanocytes are also found in mucosal membranes. Melanocytes in ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Orf Disease Orf disease, also known as ecthyma contagiosum or contagious pustular dermatitis, is an occupational disease acquired from infected sheep and goats. T ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, commonly known as throat cancer or tonsil cancer, is a type of head and neck cancer that refers to the cancer o ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Osteitis Fibrosa Cystica Osteitis fibrosa cystica (OFC) is a skeletal disorder caused by an overproduction of parathyroid hormone from the overactive parathyroid glands. Ostei ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Osteoarthropathy Hypertrophic Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA), consists of the presence of digital clubbing, increased periosteal activity of the tubular bones, arthralgias, an ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Osteogenic Sarcoma Osteogenic sarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumor with an annual incidence of 900 cases in the United States. This activity reviews t ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Osteoma Cutis Osteoma cutis or cutaneous ossification is a rare and benign dermatological disease characterized by bone formation in the dermis or subcutaneous tiss ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ovarian Cystadenoma Epithelial neoplasms of the ovary account for 60 percent of all ovarian tumors and 40 percent of benign tumors. They are classified as benign, borderl ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pancreatic Mucinous Cystadenoma Cystic neoplasms of the pancreas are often seen in the body and tail region of the pancreas in middle-aged women. They are considered premalignant les ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Papillary Fibroelastoma Papillary fibroelastomas are one of the most common types of primary cardiac tumors. They are increasingly recognized as the spatial resolution of ima ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is an epithelial malignancy showing evidence of follicular cell differentiation and a set of distinctive nuclear fea ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Papilloma A papilloma is a benign non-cancerous epithelial proliferation caused by the Human Papillomavirus. Most papillomas are caused by low-risk HPV forms, a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Papuloerythroderma of Ofuji Papuloerythroderma of Ofuji (PEO) is a rare skin disorder most commonly found in Japan. It is characterized by polygonal, flat-topped erythematous-bro ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Paracoccidioidomycosis Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic fungal infection caused by a dimorphic fungus, endemic in Central and South America. The morbidity and mort ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Paraneoplastic Pemphigus Paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP) is a rare autoimmune disease that is almost always associated with confirmed or occult malignancy. Patients typically p ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Paraneoplastic Syndromes Paraneoplastic syndromes are rare disorders with complex systemic clinical manifestations due to underlying malignancy. In paraneoplastic syndromes, ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Parapneumonic Pleural Effusions And Empyema Thoracis A parapneumonic effusion refers to the accumulation of exudative pleural fluid associated with an ipsilateral lung infection, mainly pneumonia. Parapn ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Parathyroid Cancer Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare, malignant neoplasm originating from the parathyroid gland. The clinical presentation can mimic primary parathyroid ad ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Parotid Cancer Salivary gland tumors are characterized by diverse histological appearances and variable biological behavior. The distinction between tumor types can ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pearly Penile Papule Pearly penile papules, also known as papillomatosis corona penis, corona capillitii, hirsuties coronae glandis, papillae coronis glandis, and hirsutoi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pediatric Malignant Pleural Effusion The pleural cavity is a thin layer of the sac that is lined with a serous membrane that encloses the lungs and separates it from the thoracic cage. Th ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Peliosis Hepatis Peliosis hepatis is a rare vascular condition that often goes unrecognized. Generally seen in adults of any age, it can also present in children with ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pemphigoid Gestationis Pemphigoid gestationis, formerly known as herpes gestationis, is a rare autoimmune sub-epidermal bullous dermatosis of pregnancy that shares some clin ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pemphigus Vegetans Pemphigus is a group of vesiculobullous autoimmune diseases. The most common type of pemphigus is pemphigus vulgaris, characterized by mucocutaneous b ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pemphigus Vulgaris Pemphigus vulgaris is a rare disease that causes blisters. It is the most common type of pemphigus. The mean age of onset is 50 to 60 years of age, an ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Penicillamine Penicillamine has FDA approval as a treatment for Wilson disease and cystinuria. It is used as an off-label treatment option for lead poisoning in chi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Percutaneous Liver Biopsy Percutaneous liver biopsy is a procedure in which a needle is introduced through the skin and, eventually liver tissue to obtain a specimen to help ai ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pericardial Cyst A pericardial cyst is typically considered a congenital anomaly, with most patients diagnosed via incidental findings on routine chest imaging. Rarely ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pericholangitis The diagnostic criteria for small-duct primary sclerosing cholangitis (SDPSC) included biochemical features of chronic cholestasis with unknown etiolo ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Periodontal Disease Periodontal diseases are disease processes involving the periodontium, a term used to describe the supportive apparatus surrounding a tooth, which inc ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Peritoneal Cancer Peritoneal cancer is the invasion of the serous membrane lining the peritoneal cavity by malignant cells. The malignant cells originate de novo in the ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Phenol Toxicity Phenol is a historical disinfectant with continued use in industry, laboratories, and some health care settings. Phenol is a protoplasmic poison that ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Piebaldism Piebaldism is an autosomal dominant disorder of melanocyte migration and development characterized by isolated congenital leukoderma (white skin) and ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pigmented Purpuric Dermatitis Pigmented purpuric dermatosis (PPD) is the term used to describe a collection of subtypes of generally benign, chronic, purpuric skin eruptions that a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) refers to a subtype of tenosynovial giant cell tumors that diffusely affect the soft tissue lining of joints a ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pilocytic Astrocytoma Pilocytic astrocytoma is the most common childhood brain tumor and most often found in the posterior fossa. Complete resection usually cures the patie ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) is a rare inflammatory papulosquamous disorder of unknown etiology. There are 6 strikingly distinct subtypes that occur ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Plantar Fibromatosis Plantar fibromatosis is a benign fibroblastic, connective tissue proliferative disorder of the superficial plantar aponeurosis of the foot. It belongs ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Plasmodium Vivax Malaria Malaria is a significant global health problem with a substantial disease burden worldwide. In 2017 there were approximately 219 million cases of mala ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pleuropulmonary Blastoma Pleuropulmonary blastomas are rare, malignant mesenchymal tumors that typically present with non-specific symptoms. Radiologic features may increase t ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Polyarteritis Nodosa Polyarteritis Nodosa (PAN) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis first described in 1866 by Adolph Kussmaul and Rudolph Maier. It typically affects med ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Polycystic Kidney Disease Of Childhood There are two inherited varieties of polycystic kidney disease (PKD): autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and autosomal recessive pol ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Porcelain Gallbladder Porcelain gallbladder refers to the condition in which the inner gallbladder wall is encrusted with calcium. The wall becomes brittle, hard, and often ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Porokeratosis Porokeratosis is an uncommon diagnosis that presents with keratotic papules or annular plaques with an elevated border. It usually occurs on sun-expos ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Poroma Poroma is a benign glandular adnexal tumor. Initially, It was thought of as a pure eccrine tumor, but now it is clear that it has both eccrine and apo ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Postmenopausal Bleeding Postmenopausal bleeding is a common complaint with a broad differential, which includes both benign and malignant conditions. This activity describes ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Postpartum Thyroiditis Postpartum thyroiditis is rather a common problem during the postpartum period. Postpartum thyroiditis has found in approximately 5% of mothers in the ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Potter Syndrome Potter syndrome is a fatal congenital disorder characterized by the changes in physical appearances of neonate due to oligohydramnios caused by renal ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Premalignant Fibroepithelial Tumor Of Pinkus In 1953, Dr. Herman Pinkus first described the fibroepithelial tumor of Pinkus (FEP) as a pre-malignant epithelial tumor. Although there has been some ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Premalignant Lesions Of The Endometrium Premalignant lesions of the endometrium are a characteristic sequence of atypical endometrial hyperplasia or intraepithelial neoplasia that may give r ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Primary Bone Cancer Primary bone cancers are rare malignant tumors originating in bone and derived from primitive mesenchymal cells. They are frequently aggressive tumors ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Primary Osteoarthritis Primary osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis that affects adults and the elderly. All providers, but especially primary care physicians ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor In 2016, the World Health Organization published a revised classification of central nervous system tumors using molecular parameters. In this classif ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Prostate Cancer Worldwide, prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy and the sixth leading cause of cancer death in men. In 2012, this amounted to 1,1 ... Read the Article 1.5 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pruritic Urticarial Papules And Plaques Of Pregnancy Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy (PUPPP), also known as polymorphic eruption of pregnancy (PEP) is the most common gestational der ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pseudomyxoma Peritonei Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare clinical entity characterized by diffuse intra-abdominal gelatinous ascites with mucinous implants on peritonea ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Psoriatic Arthritis Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is chronic inflammatory arthritis associated with psoriasis (PsO) and found in about 20 to 30% of such patients. It shares ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pulmonary Papilloma Pulmonary papillomas are benign papillary tumors characterized by a fibrovascular core covered by an epithelium. These tumors are rarely multiple. The ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pustular Psoriasis Pustular psoriasis is a rare, immune-mediated systemic skin disorder characterized by yellowish pustules on an erythematous base with a variety of cli ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pyelonephritis Xanthogranulomatous Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is a rare and aggressive variant of chronic pyelonephritis. It usually occurs due to chronic nephrolithiasis and in ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Radiation Proctitis Radiation proctitis refers to injury or damage of the rectum secondary to radiation therapy. It is postulated that almost half of all patients with pe ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder Rapid eye movement behavior disorder (RBD) is a type of parasomnia that has a strong link to neurodegenerative diseases. It can also be very disturbin ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis is the cause of rapid loss of renal function. It is a rare syndrome but has a high rate of renal failure and mo ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Reactive Perforating Collagenosis Reactive perforating collagenosis is a form of primary perforating dermatosis. It is a rare skin disease in which there is characteristic transepiderm ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Reflux Esophagitis Esophageal reflux is considered the most common disease encountered by the gastroenterologists, and it contributes to a large proportion of cases trea ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Cancer Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignant tumor of the kidney and constitutes over 90 percent of all renal malignancies. RCC may be spor ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Clear Cell Cancer Clear cell renal cancer is the most common type of kidney cancer, comprising 80 percent of all malignant tumors found within the kidney. It is known a ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Leiomyosarcoma Renal leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare and aggressive mesenchymal tumor. The tumor usually arises from the smooth muscle cells of the intrarenal blood v ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Lymphoma Renal involvement in lymphoma is commonly in the presence of widespread nodal or extranodal lymphoma. This is classified as secondary renal lymphoma ( ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Oncocytoma Renal oncocytomas are common benign kidney neoplasms that account for 3 to 7 percent of renal neoplasms. They usually occur in adults, most frequently ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Transplantation Rejection Various factors merit consideration to match the donor kidney with the recipient, as the donor kidney act as an alloantigen. In general, when transpla ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Restrictive Cardiomyopathy Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is characterized by diastolic dysfunction of a non-dilated ventricle. Multiple types of restrictive cardiomyopathies ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rhabdomyosarcoma Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a primitive pediatric malignant soft tissue sarcoma of skeletal muscle phenotype that originates from a primitive mesenchyma ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Riedel Thyroiditis Riedel thyroiditis (also known as Riedel struma, chronic invasive fibrous thyroiditis, or ligneous struma), is a rare fibrotic condition which involve ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Roseola Infantum Roseola infantum is a common disease of childhood that is seen globally and is caused by infection with human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), or, less frequent ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rotor Syndrome Rotors syndrome, also known as Rotor type hyperbilirubinemia, is an autosomal recessive disease and a rare cause of mixed direct (conjugated) and indi ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Salpingitis Isthmica Nodosa Salpingitis isthmica nodosa (SIN) occasionally referred to as diverticulosis of the fallopian tube is a common finding in patients investigated for ec ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder of unknown etiology characterized by the presence of noncaseating granulomas in organs. This condition mostly af ... Read the Article 1.75 29 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sarcoma Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are a group neoplasms that can affect individuals at the extremes of age and can originate from any location throughout the ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Schamberg Disease Schamberg disease is the most frequent purpuric of the dermatoses, with a classical presentation characterized by petechiae, purpura, and increased sk ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Schwannoma Schwannomas (also known as neuromas, neurinomas "of Verocay" and neurilemmomas) are benign, well-encapsulated, slow-growing nerve sheath tumors that a ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Scleredema Scleredema of Buschke is a rare connective tissue disorder. Its pathogenesis is poorly understood. It belongs to the spectrum of scleroderma-like diso ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Scleroderma And Primary Myocardial Disease Systemic scleroderma is a connective tissue disease that can affect internal organs. Cardiac manifestations of the disease can be a result of the prim ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Scleroderma And Renal Crisis Scleroderma renal crisis is a life-threatening complication of scleroderma. It typically presents with the abrupt onset of severe hypertension accompa ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Scrofula Scrofula (historically known as the king's evil) is the tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis caused by hematogenous or lymphatic dissemination of pulmon ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sebaceous Gland Carcinoma Sebaceous carcinomas are rare malignant tumors of the sebaceous glands. They most commonly develop on the eyelid, but may arise from anywhere sebaceou ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Seborrheic Keratosis Seborrheic keratoses are epidermal skin tumors that commonly present in adult and elderly patients. They are benign skin lesions and often do not requ ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sezary Syndrome Sezary syndrome and mycosis fungoides are the most common forms of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). This can be a diagnostic challenge to clinicians ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Shy Drager Syndrome Shy Drager syndrome refers to a progressive neuromuscular disorder that affects the nervous system. It falls on the multiple system atrophy spectrum o ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Skin Biopsy Skin biopsy is an important and common diagnostic procedure in dermatology practice. Various methods of skin biopsy exist, and multiple factors are co ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Small Bowel Cancer Small Bowel Cancer encompasses a series of malignant lesions that may be identified throughout the small intestine (SI). The small bowel lies between ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Small Cell Lung Cancer Lung cancer is the second most diagnosed cancer in the United States. It is the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women, accounting for ap ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Soft Tissue Clear Cell Sarcoma Clear cell sarcoma of soft tissue (CCSST) is an exceedingly rare tumor that originates from neural crest cells and is histologically characterized by ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Solid and Papillary Epithelial Neoplasm Solid pseudopapillary pancreatic neoplasms are rare pancreatic tumors accounting for 1% to 2% of exocrine pancreatic lesions. Recent surveys report a ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Spinocerebellar Ataxia Ataxia is the absence of voluntary muscle coordination and loss control of movement that affects gait stability, eye movement, and speech. Spinocerebe ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Squamous Cell Skin Cancer Squamous cell carcinoma, the second most common form of skin cancer, is caused by the cumulative exposure of skin to UV light. This condition has prec ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sturge-Weber Syndrome Sturge-Weber syndrome, also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a neurocutaneous disorder characterized by angiomas involving the face, chor ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Stye Stye, or hordeolum, is an acute, painful infection of the eye which involves the upper or lower eyelid. Patients present with a pustule with erythema ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Subacute Necrotizing Encephalomyelopathy Subacute necrotizing encephalomyelopathy (SNE) is primarily a disease of childhood that affects the central nervous system. This is a rare condition t ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Subcutaneous Panniculitis Like T-cell Lymphoma Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL) is a rare primary cutaneous lymphoma that mimics panniculitis and is composed of cytotoxic alph ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sweet Syndrome Sweet syndrome, also called acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, is a rare disorder that typically presents with acute-onset tender plaques or nodul ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Synovial Chondromatosis Synovial chondromatosis typically presents with large joint effusion(s), and joints may appear deformed due to swelling or synovial hypertrophy. Synov ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Syphilis Syphilis is a systemic, bacterial infection caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Due to its many protean clinical manifestations, it has been ... Read the Article 2.5 46 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
T Cell Prolymphocytic Leukemia T-PLL (T Prolymphocytic leukemia) is mature and aggressive T-cell leukemias characterized by the proliferation of small to medium-sized prolymphocytes ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tangier Disease Tangier disease occurs due to the accumulation of cholesterol esters within a body organ. This activity outlines the evaluation and management of it a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Telangiectatic Osteosarcoma Telangiectatic osteosarcoma is a rare high-grade malignant neoplasm, accounting for less than 4 percent of all cases of osteosarcoma. It is a rare var ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Testicular Seminoma Testicular seminomas are cancers that can usually be managed with surgical resection, although radiation is added for advanced stage disease. Stage 1 ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Testicular Torsion Scrotal complaints are relatively common both in primary care and in the emergency department and comprise at least 0.5 percent of all emergency depar ... Read the Article 1.25 17 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Thyroid Adenoma Thyroid adenoma is a benign lesion of the thyroid gland. There are two types of thyroid adenomas, follicular and papillary. Thyroid adenoma usually pr ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Thyroid Lymphoma Thyroid lymphoma is classified as primary and secondary thyroid lymphoma. Primary thyroid lymphoma affects the thyroid gland first, followed by spread ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tinea Capitis Tinea capitis, also known as ringworm or herpes tonsurans infection, is a fungal infection of the scalp hair. It is caused primarily by the dermatophy ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tinea Versicolor Pityriasis versicolor, also known as tinea versicolor, is a common, benign, superficial fungal infection of the skin. Clinical features of pityriasis ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tongue Cancer Tongue cancer is one of the most common sites of head and neck malignancy. Smoking, drinking alcohol, and, more recently, human papilloma virus infect ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Trichinella Spiralis Trichinellosis, also called trichinosis, is a parasitic infection caused by roundworms (nematodes) from the genus Trichinella. It is caused by consumi ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tubular Adenoma Colonic adenomas are raised protrusions of colonic mucosa, i.e., polyps formed by glandular tissue. Although a tumor of benign nature, these adenomas ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tubular Breast Carcinoma Tubular carcinoma of the breast is a distinct, relatively rare low-grade neoplasm, accounting for approximately 1 to 2% of invasive breast cancers. It ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tumid Lupus Erythematosus Tumid lupus erythematosus (TLE) is currently considered to be a subtype of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE). TLE differs from the other subtypes of ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Turcot Syndrome Turcot syndrome is the association of primary brain tumors with colorectal cancer. Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and familial ade ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative colitis is an idiopathic inflammatory condition of the colon which results in diffuse friability and superficial erosions on the colonic wa ... Read the Article 1.5 23 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Upper Eyelid Reconstruction This article reviews the various types of upper eyelid reconstruction that are used to repair lid defects, the principles that govern which approaches ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Villous Adenoma Adenoma refers broadly to any benign tumor of glandular tissue. Adenomatous polyps are the most common type of polyp in the colon whose prevalence in ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Viral Myocarditis Myocarditis is an inflammatory process of the myocardium. It can present in the acute, subacute, or chronic phase with either focal or diffuse involve ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vismodegib Initially approved in 2012, vismodegib is the first FDA-approved pharmacologic agent that targets the Hedgehog signaling pathway (sonic hedgehog, SHH) ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Warthin Tumor Warthin tumor is a relatively frequent and benign neoplasm of the major salivary glands. It is histologically characterized by a dense lymphoid stroma ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Wilms Tumor Wilms tumor, or nephroblastoma, is the most common pediatric renal cancer, the most common pediatric abdominal cancer, and the fourth most common pedi ... Read the Article 1.25 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Xanthelasma Palpebrarum Xanthelasma palpebrarum is a condition in which soft, yellow papules or plaques filled with cholesterol form over the medial canthus of the upper lid. ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Xerophthalmia Xerophthalmia is the leading cause of preventable blindness and childhood blindness. Health education focusing on proper nutrition has the potential t ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Yolk Sac Tumors Yolk sac tumors (also known as endodermal sinus tumors) are malignant primitive germ cell tumors; they are histologically similar to the mesenchyma of ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO

View the Full List of Physician Article Activities:

Activity List