If breakage occurs, the lead apron will no longer provide optimal protection.
A lead apron useful for most fluoroscopic procedures should be about 0.35 millimeters in lead thickness equivalence.
Lead aprons reduce an ionizing dose received by more than 90% in most cases. Reduction is a function of x-ray beam energy (kV) and the apron's lead equivalent thickness.
Adult Lab Normals
Pediatric Lab Normals
Yabuuchi H,Kamitani T,Sagiyama K,Yamasaki Y,Matsuura Y,Hino T,Tsutsui S,Kondo M,Shirasaka T,Honda H, Clinical application of radiation dose reduction for head and neck CT. European journal of radiology. 2018 Oct [PubMed PMID: 30177405]
Ariyoshi K,Miura T,Kasai K,Akifumi N,Fujishima Y,Yoshida MA, Age Dependence of Radiation-Induced Genomic Instability in Mouse Hematopoietic Stem Cells. Radiation research. 2018 Oct 12 [PubMed PMID: 30311845]
Cheon BK,Kim CL,Kim KR,Kang MH,Lim JA,Woo NS,Rhee KY,Kim HK,Kim JH, Radiation safety: a focus on lead aprons and thyroid shields in interventional pain management. The Korean journal of pain. 2018 Oct [PubMed PMID: 30310549]
Kumagai T,Rahman F,Smith AM, The Microbiome and Radiation Induced-Bowel Injury: Evidence for Potential Mechanistic Role in Disease Pathogenesis. Nutrients. 2018 Oct 2 [PubMed PMID: 30279338]
Raji H,JavadMoosavi SA,Dastoorpoor M,Mohamadipour Z,Mousavi Ghanavati SP, Overuse and underuse of pulmonary CT angiography in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism. Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran. 2018 [PubMed PMID: 29977871]
Nilsson MP,Nilsson ED,Borg Å,Brandberg Y,Silfverberg B,Loman N, High patient satisfaction with a simplified BRCA1/2 testing procedure: long-term results of a prospective study. Breast cancer research and treatment. 2018 Oct 11 [PubMed PMID: 30311024]
Puckett Y,Bonacorsi L,Caley M,Farmakis S,Fitzpatrick C,Chatoorgoon K,Greenspon Y,Vane DW, Imaging before transfer to designated pediatric trauma centers exposes children to excess radiation. The journal of trauma and acute care surgery. 2016 Aug [PubMed PMID: 27050881]
Puckett Y,To A, Pediatric Trauma Transfer Imaging Inefficiencies-Opportunities for Improvement with Cloud Technology. AIMS public health. 2016 [PubMed PMID: 29546145]