Which of the following statements about delirium tremens is not true?
Select Your Answer:
Approximately five to seven percent of the US population suffers from alcoholism.
Delirium tremens is a severe medical disorder that occurs with alcohol withdrawal.
Symptoms of delirium tremens may include severe tremors, agitation, hallucinations, depression, and death.
Delirium tremens must be treated. Treatment includes benzodiazepines and/or antipsychotics.
*eMedicine, Google Scholar, UpToDate, WheelessOnline, and DermNet are not affiliated with StatPearls. We do not control their content or advertising.
Adult Lab Normals
Pediatric Lab Normals
Delirium tremens: a review., Griffin RE,Gross GA,Teitelbaum HS,, The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 1993 Sep [PubMed]
A critical analysis of mortality associated with delirium tremens. Review of 39 fatalities in a 9-year period., TAVEL ME,DAVIDSON W,BATTERTON TD,, The American journal of the medical sciences, 1961 Jul [PubMed]
Epidemiology of DSM-5 Alcohol Use Disorder: Results From the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III., Grant BF,Goldstein RB,Saha TD,Chou SP,Jung J,Zhang H,Pickering RP,Ruan WJ,Smith SM,Huang B,Hasin DS,, JAMA psychiatry, 2015 Aug [PubMed]
Racial variations in the incidence of severe alcohol withdrawal., Chan GM,Hoffman RS,Gold JA,Whiteman PJ,Goldfrank LR,Nelson LS,, Journal of medical toxicology : official journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology, 2009 Mar [PubMed]
Risk assessment of moderate to severe alcohol withdrawal--predictors for seizures and delirium tremens in the course of withdrawal., Eyer F,Schuster T,Felgenhauer N,Pfab R,Strubel T,Saugel B,Zilker T,, Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire), 2011 Jul-Aug [PubMed]
Clinical predictors for delirium tremens in patients with alcohol withdrawal seizures., Kim DW,Kim HK,Bae EK,Park SH,Kim KK,, The American journal of emergency medicine, 2015 May [PubMed]
Risk factors for delirium tremens development., Ferguson JA,Suelzer CJ,Eckert GJ,Zhou XH,Dittus RS,, Journal of general internal medicine, 1996 Jul [PubMed]
Delirium tremens. Update on an old disorder., Cushman P Jr,, Postgraduate medicine, 1987 Oct [PubMed]
Alcohol withdrawal syndrome., Bayard M,McIntyre J,Hill KR,Woodside J Jr,, American family physician, 2004 Mar 15 [PubMed]
Chronic ethanol administration alters gamma-aminobutyric acid, pentobarbital and ethanol-mediated 36Cl- uptake in cerebral cortical synaptoneurosomes., Morrow AL,Suzdak PD,Karanian JW,Paul SM,, The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 1988 Jul [PubMed]
NMDA receptors: role in ethanol withdrawal seizures., Hoffman PL,Grant KA,Snell LD,Reinlib L,Iorio K,Tabakoff B,, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1992 Jun 28 [PubMed]
The glutamatergic basis of human alcoholism., Tsai G,Gastfriend DR,Coyle JT,, The American journal of psychiatry, 1995 Mar [PubMed]
Assessment of alcohol withdrawal: the revised clinical institute withdrawal assessment for alcohol scale (CIWA-Ar)., Sullivan JT,Sykora K,Schneiderman J,Naranjo CA,Sellers EM,, British journal of addiction, 1989 Nov [PubMed]
A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of magnesium sulfate in the ethanol withdrawal syndrome., Wilson A,Vulcano B,, Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research, 1984 Nov-Dec [PubMed]
Clinical management of alcohol withdrawal., Myrick H,Anton RF,, CNS spectrums, 2000 Feb [PubMed]
Pharmacological management of alcohol withdrawal. A meta-analysis and evidence-based practice guideline. American Society of Addiction Medicine Working Group on Pharmacological Management of Alcohol Withdrawal., Mayo-Smith MF,, JAMA, 1997 Jul 9 [PubMed]
Individualized treatment for alcohol withdrawal. A randomized double-blind controlled trial., Saitz R,Mayo-Smith MF,Roberts MS,Redmond HA,Bernard DR,Calkins DR,, JAMA, 1994 Aug 17 [PubMed]
Symptom-triggered vs fixed-schedule doses of benzodiazepine for alcohol withdrawal: a randomized treatment trial., Daeppen JB,Gache P,Landry U,Sekera E,Schweizer V,Gloor S,Yersin B,, Archives of internal medicine, 2002 May 27 [PubMed]
Resistant alcohol withdrawal: does an unexpectedly large sedative requirement identify these patients early?, Hack JB,Hoffmann RS,Nelson LS,, Journal of medical toxicology : official journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology, 2006 Jun [PubMed]
Refractory delirium tremens treated with propofol: a case series., McCowan C,Marik P,, Critical care medicine, 2000 Jun [PubMed]
Successful use of propofol in refractory delirium tremens., Coomes TR,Smith SW,, Annals of emergency medicine, 1997 Dec [PubMed]
Dexmedetomidine in addition to benzodiazepine-based sedation in patients with alcohol withdrawal delirium., Tolonen J,Rossinen J,Alho H,Harjola VP,, European journal of emergency medicine : official journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine, 2013 Dec [PubMed]
Inappropriate use of symptom-triggered therapy for alcohol withdrawal in the general hospital., Hecksel KA,Bostwick JM,Jaeger TM,Cha SS,, Mayo Clinic proceedings, 2008 Mar [PubMed]
Thiamine before glucose to prevent Wernicke encephalopathy: examining the conventional wisdom., Hack JB,Hoffman RS,, JAMA, 1998 Feb 25 [PubMed]
Self-Reported Prevalence of Alcohol Screening Among U.S. Adults., Denny CH,Hungerford DW,McKnight-Eily LR,Green PP,Dang EP,Cannon MJ,Cheal NE,Sniezek JE,, American journal of preventive medicine, 2016 Mar [PubMed]
Alcohol withdrawal syndrome in medical patients., Gortney JS,Raub JN,Patel P,Kokoska L,Hannawa M,Argyris A,, Cleveland Clinic journal of medicine, 2016 Jan [PubMed]