A patient goes for a holiday at a sea resort. He consumes a lot of alcohol and uncooked food. All the food was washed in the local water. Within 24 hours he develops diarrhea with nausea and abdominal cramping. What is the most likely cause?
Select Your Answer:
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is often contracted by eating raw shellfish. V. parahaemolyticus lives in brackish saltwater and is related to V. cholerae.
V. parahaemolyticus is found in the U.S. coastal waters and is more common in the summer.
After ingestion, symptoms of nausea, vomiting, cramping, fever, and chills have onset within 24 hours.
Disease is self-limited in most cases, lasting 3 days. Patients with immunocompromise can develop more severe illness.
Adult Lab Normals
Pediatric Lab Normals
Park MS,Park KH,Bahk GJ, Interrelationships between Multiple Climatic Factors and Incidence of Foodborne Diseases. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2018 Nov 7 [PubMed PMID: 30405044]
Klein S,Pipes S,Lovell CR, Occurrence and significance of pathogenicity and fitness islands in environmental vibrios. AMB Express. 2018 Oct 30 [PubMed PMID: 30377851]
Rincé A,Balière C,Hervio-Heath D,Cozien J,Lozach S,Parnaudeau S,Le Guyader FS,Le Hello S,Giard JC,Sauvageot N,Benachour A,Strubbia S,Gourmelon M, Occurrence of Bacterial Pathogens and Human Noroviruses in Shellfish-Harvesting Areas and Their Catchments in France. Frontiers in microbiology. 2018 [PubMed PMID: 30364306]
Gong XH,Wu HY,Li J,Xiao WJ,Zhang X,Chen M,Teng Z,Pan H,Yuan ZA, Epidemiology, aetiology and seasonality of infectious diarrhoea in adult outpatients through active surveillance in Shanghai, China, 2012-2016: a cross-sectional study. BMJ open. 2018 Sep 4 [PubMed PMID: 30181181]
Ortiz-Jiménez MA, Quantitative evaluation of the risk of Vibrio parahaemolyticus through consumption of raw oysters (Crassostrea corteziensis) in Tepic, Mexico, under the RCP2.6 and RCP8.5 climate scenarios at different time horizons. Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.). 2018 Sep [PubMed PMID: 30007667]
Malcolm TTH,Chang WS,Loo YY,Cheah YK,Radzi CWJWM,Kantilal HK,Nishibuchi M,Son R, Simulation of improper food hygiene practices: A quantitative assessment of Vibrio parahaemolyticus distribution. International journal of food microbiology. 2018 Nov 2 [PubMed PMID: 30142576]
Niu B,Mu L,Xiao L,Zhang Z,Malakar PK,Liu H,Pan Y,Zhao Y, Reduction of infection risk mediated by co-culturing Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Listeria monocytogenes in refrigerated cooked shrimp. Journal of the science of food and agriculture. 2018 Sep [PubMed PMID: 29457648]
Pazhani GP,Bhowmik SK,Ghosh S,Guin S,Dutta S,Rajendran K,Saha DR,Nandy RK,Bhattacharya MK,Mukhopadhyay AK,Ramamurthy T, Trends in the epidemiology of pandemic and non-pandemic strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from diarrheal patients in Kolkata, India. PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 2014 May [PubMed PMID: 24786538]