A patient goes for a holiday at a sea resort. He consumes a lot of alcohol and uncooked food. All the food was washed in the local water. Within 24 hours he develops a diarrhea with nausea and abdominal cramping. What is the most likely cause?
Select Your Answer:
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is often contracted by eating raw shellfish. V. parahaemolyticus lives in brackish saltwater and is related to V. cholerae.
V. parahaemolyticus is found in the U.S. coastal waters and is more common in the summer.
After ingestion, symptoms of nausea, vomiting, cramping, fever, and chills have onset within 24 hours.
Disease is self-limited in most cases, lasting 3 days. Patients with immunocompromise can develop more severe illness.
*eMedicine, Google Scholar, UpToDate, WheelessOnline, and DermNet are not affiliated with StatPearls. We do not control their content or advertising.
Adult Lab Normals
Pediatric Lab Normals
Guidelines for the management of paediatric cholera infection: a systematic review of the evidence., Williams PCM,Berkley JA,, Paediatrics and international child health, 2018 Nov [PubMed]
Evaluation of Lactic Acid Bacteria on the Inhibition of <i>Vibrio parahaemolyticus</i> Infection and Its Application to Food Systems., Tsai CC,Hung YH,Chou LC,, Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 2018 May 22 [PubMed]
A synbiotic improves the immunity of white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei: Metabolomic analyses reveal compelling evidence., Huynh TG,Cheng AC,Chi CC,Chiu KH,Liu CH,, Fish & shellfish immunology, 2018 May 17 [PubMed]
Exploring the Effect of Phage Therapy in Preventing <i>Vibrio anguillarum</i> Infections in Cod and Turbot Larvae., Rørbo N,Rønneseth A,Kalatzis PG,Rasmussen BB,Engell-Sørensen K,Kleppen HP,Wergeland HI,Gram L,Middelboe M,, Antibiotics (Basel, Switzerland), 2018 May 16 [PubMed]
Biofilm inhibition and pathogenicity attenuation in bacteria by <i>Proteus mirabilis</i>., Yu S,Zhu X,Zhou J,Cai Z,, Royal Society open science, 2018 Apr [PubMed]