An HIV positive male presents with confusion and general malaise. Blood work reveals that he is anemic and brain CT shows generalized brain atrophy. What is the most common HIV disorder of the brain?
Select Your Answer:
HIV dementia, HIV encephalopathy, and AIDS dementia complex refer to the same condition.
It is a metabolic encephalopathy caused by HIV infection with immune activation of microglia and brain macrophages.
These cells secrete neurotoxins of both viral and host origin.
Patients can have disabling cognitive impairment, motor dysfunction, behavioral changes, and speech problems.
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