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Surgery-Urogynecology

Surgery-Urogynecology

Stay up to date on the latest medical knowledge with this Surgery-Urogynecology activity. In this online self-assessment activity, you'll read our reference articles and test your knowledge with 76 activities in Surgery-Urogynecology for 68.75 total CME hours.


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Featured Article Activities

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Forceps Delivery

The use of forceps in infant delivery has fallen out of favor among obstetricians in the past three decades. Forceps del ...
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Hours: 0.75

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Gynecologic Examination

The gynecological exam traditionally includes an examination of the external and internal genitalia. Under some conditio ...
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Hours: 0.75

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Gardnerella

Gardnerella vaginalis is an anaerobic bacterium that is the causative agent in bacterial vaginosis (BV). This bacteria n ...
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Hours: 0.75

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Urethral Injury

Urethral Injuries are a relatively rare process that is often associated with severe trauma, childbirth, and improper ca ...
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Hours: 1

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Bladder Rupture

Bladder rupture is most commonly due to abdominal and/or pelvic trauma but may be spontaneous or iatrogenic in associati ...
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Hours: 0.75

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Prevention of Inappropriate Self-Extraction of Foley Catheters

Prevention of painful, traumatic Foley catheter removals and early identification of catheter mal-positioning can minimi ...
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Hours: 0.75

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Surgery-Urogynecology Activities

Title Description Hours Questions
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Abnormal uterine bleeding is a broad term that describes irregularities in the menstrual cycle involving frequency, regularity, duration, and volume o ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) is a category of cervical epithelial cell abnormalities described by the Bethesda system ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Autonomic Dysfunction The autonomic nervous system (ANS) includes all regions implicated in the control of autonomic, unconscious, and involuntary functions in total body h ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bacillus Calmette Guerin Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is the live attenuated vaccine form of Mycobacterium bovis used to prevent tuberculosis and other mycobacterial infecti ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bethanechol Bethanechol is FDA approved for the treatment of postoperative urinary retention, postpartum urinary retention, and overflow incontinence caused by ne ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Biofeedback Biofeedback is a technique to augment the normal sensory feedback and allow better control of body functions that are usually considered involuntary. ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bladder Rupture Bladder rupture is most commonly due to abdominal and/or pelvic trauma but may be spontaneous or iatrogenic in association with surgical or endoscopic ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bladder Trauma Bladder injury is broadly divided into extraperitoneal and intraperitoneal injuries. Extraperitoneal bladder injuries generally occur with pelvic frac ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cervical Dysplasia The Pap smear is responsible for decreasing the incidence of and mortality rates from cervical cancer. The Papanicolaou (Pap) smear is a collection of ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cervical Polyps Cervical polyps are abnormal growths that appear in the cervix. Although cervical polyps are commonly benign, malignant polyps can be seen in 0.2 to 1 ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Pelvic Pain Chronic pelvic pain can be a disabling, chronic, persistent pain, within the pelvis in women. Relatively common, chronic pelvic pain is associated wit ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cloacal Malformations Cloacal malformations are rare congenital anomalies characterized by a confluence of the gastrointestinal, genital, and urologic systems which exits t ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Colovesicular Fistula The most common cause of colovesicular fistulas is the sequelae of complicated diverticulitis and accounts for over two-thirds of cases. The second mo ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dysuria Dysuria is a symptom of pain and/or burning, stinging, or itching of the urethra or urethral meatus with urination. It is one of the most common sympt ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Endometrial Biopsy Endometrial biopsy is a simple and effective office-based procedure that samples the endometrium to allow for direct histological evaluation. This act ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Endometrial Hyperplasia Endometrial hyperplasia is a common disorder due to exposure to exogenous or endogenous estrogen along with a relative deficiency of progesterone. It ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Endometrial Polyp Endometrial polyps refer to overgrowths of endometrial glands and stroma within the uterine cavity. Endometrial polyps vary in size from few millimete ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Epispadias Epispadias is a rare urogenital anomaly characterized by the failure of the urethral tube to tubularize on the dorsal aspect. Although commonly associ ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Estradiol Estradiol is a medication used in the management and treatment of postmenopausal symptoms and for women who have had hysterectomies. Estradiol is the ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Extramammary Paget Disease Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is a rare dermatologic condition that frequently presents in areas where apocrine sweat glands are abundant. Most co ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Female Infertility Infertility is a medical condition that can cause psychological, physical, mental, spiritual, and medical detriments to the patient. The unique qualit ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Forceps Delivery The use of forceps in infant delivery has fallen out of favor among obstetricians in the past three decades. Forceps deliveries now make up about only ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gardnerella Gardnerella vaginalis is an anaerobic bacterium that is the causative agent in bacterial vaginosis (BV). This bacteria normally is part of the vaginal ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Genital Warts Genital warts (condyloma acuminatum) are a sexually transmitted infection caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11. These are spread by ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gonorrhea Neisseria gonorrhoeae, an obligate human pathogen, is a sexually transmitted disease that causes consequential worldwide morbidity both in resource-ab ... Read the Article 1.5 19 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Granuloma Inguinale Donovanosis, also known as granuloma inguinale, is a bacterial infection of the genital region caused by Klebsiella granulomatis. It is chronic and pr ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gynecologic Examination The gynecological exam traditionally includes an examination of the external and internal genitalia. Under some conditions, it may be necessary to per ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
High Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion High grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) encompasses the entities previously termed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)2, CIN3, moderate ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Imperforate Hymen When the hymen, a thin membrane of stratified squamous epithelium circumscribing the vaginal introitus, does not spontaneously rupture during neonatal ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Intrauterine Device Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are one of the most effective forms of contraception available today with rates of failure similar to various forms of ste ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Labiaplasty Minora Reduction Labia minora reduction is indicated for any patient wishing to reduce the size of their labia minora. This can be for cosmetic reasons or due to physi ... Read the Article 0.75 2 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Leukocytosis Leukocytosis has a variety of etiologies with which clinicians of all backgrounds should be familiar. This activity outlines the evaluation of leukocy ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lichen Sclerosus Lichen sclerosus is an uncommon autoimmune condition characterized by skin atrophy and hypopigmentation. It mostly affects the genital skin and occurs ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lower Genitourinary Trauma Trauma is a major cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. Trauma to the lower genitourinary tract presents unique challenges as there are u ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mifepristone Mifepristone is a synthetic steroid. It is a medication most commonly used for medically induced abortions. Mifepristone can also be used in the manag ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mirabegron Mirabegron is a medication used in the management of overactive bladder. It is in the sympathomimetic class of medications. This activity reviews the ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mixed Urinary Incontinence Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine. It ranges in its severity and in its impact on patients' quality of life. Symptoms may force ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nitrous Oxide Nitrous oxide is an odorless, colorless, non-flammable gas. While nitrous oxide is not flammable, it will support combustion to the same extent as ox ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nocturia Nocturia is defined as the need for patients to get up at night on a regular basis to urinate. A period of sleep must precede and follow the urinary e ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Oophorectomy Oophorectomy is the surgical removal of one or both ovaries and can be done laparoscopically unless otherwise indicated. It may be performed for ovari ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pelvic Exenteration Pelvic exenteration is performed as a palliative or curative option for patients with recurrent or locally invasive pelvic cancer. Pelvic exenteration ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Pelvic floor dysfunction involves the abnormal activity or function of the pelvic floor musculature. This activity reviews the anatomy of the pelvic f ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is defined as an inflammation of the upper genital tract due to an infection in women. The disease affects the uteru ... Read the Article 1.25 17 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pelvic Organ Prolapse Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a gynecological condition in which the pelvic organs herniate into the vagina due to ligament or muscular weakness. POP ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pelvic Trauma Pelvic injuries are the result of high energy trauma; they frequently have associated injuries. The injuries can be life-threatening and lead to life- ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Percutaneous Nephrostomy This activity reviews salient details regarding accessing the renal collecting system via a puncture through the lumbar region of the back (percutaneo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Perioperative Cardiac Management The importance of the appropriate perioperative cardiac management in non-cardiac surgery lies in the high number of surgical procedures performed eac ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Postmenopausal Bleeding Postmenopausal bleeding is a common complaint with a broad differential, which includes both benign and malignant conditions. This activity describes ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Post-op Urinary Retention Postoperative urinary retention is the inability to urinate after a surgical procedure despite having a full bladder. It is a relatively common compli ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Postpartum Pubic Symphysis Diastasis Pubic symphysis diastasis (PSD) following childbirth via vaginal delivery is a rare but debilitating condition. Widening of the cartilaginous joint du ... Read the Article 0.75 3 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Prevention of Inappropriate Self-Extraction of Foley Catheters Prevention of painful, traumatic Foley catheter removals and early identification of catheter mal-positioning can minimize pain, urinary tract infecti ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Procidentia Procidentia is the severe stage of pelvic organ prolapse. Pelvic organ prolapse is usually a non-life-threatening condition with the most common sympt ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pudendal Nerve Block A pudendal nerve block is a method utilized to diagnose and treat pudendal neuralgia. The pudendal nerve block is also commonly used as a regional ane ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pudendal Nerve Entrapment Syndrome Pudendal neuralgia caused by pudendal nerve entrapment is chronic, severely disabling, neuropathic pain in the distribution of the pudendal nerve in b ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pudendal Neuralgia Pudendal neuralgia (PN) is a chronic pelvic pain syndrome that originates from damage or irritation to the pudendal nerve. Few providers examine speci ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rectocele Rectoceles are a type of pelvic organ prolapse where the rectal tissue herniates through a defect in the rectovaginal septum into the vaginal lumen. T ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common cause of morbidity, especially in young women. With appropriate care, they can be easily treate ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Extracorporeal Lithotripsy Renal extracorporeal lithotripsy is a procedure that utilizes shockwaves to fragment kidney stones that can then pass through the urinary tract and be ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sexually Transmitted Infections Sexually transmitted infections are disease processes from close physical contact between males and females by transmission through sexual contact. Se ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Stress Incontinence Stress urinary incontinence is the sudden, involuntary loss of urine secondary to increased intraabdominal pressure that is affecting the patient’s qu ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tolterodine Tolterodine is a medication used in the management and treatment of overactive bladder. It is in the antimuscarinic class of medications. This activit ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Transurethral Resection Of The Prostate Transurethral resection of the prostate is a procedure used in the management of bladder outlet obstruction caused by prostatic hypertrophy and prosta ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ureteral Injury Overall, a ureteral injury is rare. The most common cause is iatrogenic trauma during open surgery, laparoscopic, or endoscopic procedures. Penetratin ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ureterolithiasis Ureterolithiasis is a painful condition that affects millions of Americans each year. To avoid the high morbidity and mortality associated with this c ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Urethral Injury Urethral Injuries are a relatively rare process that is often associated with severe trauma, childbirth, and improper catheterization. This activity o ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Urge Incontinence Urge incontinence is a type of urinary incontinence in adults, which involves sudden compelling urges to void and results in involuntary leakage of ur ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Urinary Diversions And Neobladders The urinary bladder is designed both to facilitate low-pressure filling and to efficiently expel urine using coordinated contractions. As the bladder ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Urinary Incontinence Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine. This condition is prevalent in elderly adults, impacting both health and quality of life, bu ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Uterine Fibroid Embolization This activity reviews the minimally invasive medical therapy known as uterine artery embolization (UAE). It discusses which patients may or may not b ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vaginal Atrophy Vaginal atrophy is thinning of the vaginal epithelium and decreased cervical secretions most closely related to changes in estrogen levels. It is a co ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vaginal Candidiasis Vulvovaginitis, or inflammation of the vulva and vagina, most commonly occurs in reproductive-aged women and is usually secondary to infection. Candid ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vaginal Foreign Body Evaluation and Treatment Vaginal foreign bodies present in female patients of all ages and a wide range of healthcare settings, including the emergency department, primary car ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vaginal Hysterectomy Hysterectomy is the most common nonobstetric surgical procedure among women. As such, it is imperative to continue evaluating trends in the performanc ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vaginitis Vaginal discharge and discomfort are common complaints from women in all stages of life. Vaginitis is a frequently encountered problem for providers t ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vulvodynia Vulvodynia is a vulvar pain of at least three months' duration without a clear identifiable cause. It is a diagnosis of exclusion and is considered an ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Yolk Sac Tumors Yolk sac tumors (also known as endodermal sinus tumors) are malignant primitive germ cell tumors; they are histologically similar to the mesenchyma of ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO

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