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Pediatric Urology

Pediatric Urology

Stay up to date on the latest medical knowledge with this Pediatric Urology activity. In this online self-assessment activity, you'll read our reference articles and test your knowledge with 118 activities in Pediatric Urology for 137 total CME hours.


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Featured Article Activities

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Sex Cord Stromal Testicular Tumor

Testicular cancer is included in the list of curable cancers that have an excellent prognosis. Hence, proper diagnosis a ...
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Hours: 1

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Gonorrhea

Neisseria gonorrhoeae, an obligate human pathogen, is a sexually transmitted disease that causes consequential worldwide ...
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Hours: 1.5

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Sex Cord Stromal Testicular Tumor

Testicular cancer is included in the list of curable cancers that have an excellent prognosis. Hence, proper diagnosis a ...
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Rating: -.-
Hours: 1

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Ambiguous Genitalia And Disorders of Sexual Differentiation

Infants born with a disorder of sex development (DSD) prompt multiple medical, surgical, ethical, psychosocial, and phys ...
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Rating: 5.00
Hours: 1.25

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Allergic Interstitial Nephritis

Allergic interstitial nephritis (AIN) is the most common form of acute interstitial nephritis. It is most often caused b ...
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Hours: 1

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Cerebral Aneurysm

Cerebral aneurysms are defined as dilations that occur at weak points along the arterial circulation within the brain. T ...
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Hours: 1.5

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Pediatric Urology Activities

Title Description Hours Questions
5 Alpha Reductase Deficiency This activity reviews 5-alpha-reductase deficiency, an important cause of ambiguous genitalia in children. Initially, the phenotype of children with 5 ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Pyelonephritis Acute pyelonephritis is a bacterial infection causing inflammation of the kidneys. Pyelonephritis occurs as a complication of an ascending urinary tra ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Renal Tubular Necrosis The most common intrinsic cause of acute kidney injury is acute tubular necrosis. Acute tubular necrosis is most common in hospitalized patients and c ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Scrotum Pain Acute scrotum pain is an umbrella term that includes a wide variety of unique disease processes. Patients may describe the rapid onset of symptoms wit ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adrenal Crisis Adrenal crisis is an acute life-threatening condition precipitated by an internal or external process in the setting of known or unknown adrenal insuf ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Allergic Interstitial Nephritis Allergic interstitial nephritis (AIN) is the most common form of acute interstitial nephritis. It is most often caused by exposure to a drug. AIN is o ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ambiguous Genitalia And Disorders of Sexual Differentiation Infants born with a disorder of sex development (DSD) prompt multiple medical, surgical, ethical, psychosocial, and physical issues for patients and t ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Aminoglycosides While aminoglycosides are an older class of medication, they continue to be clinically valuable. Aminoglycosides have a broad spectrum of activity cov ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) is a common etiology of sexual developmental disorders and results in varying phenotypes. These disorders of and ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Appendix Testes Torsion Torsion of testicular appendages is considered one of, if not the most common cause of acute scrotal pain in the prepubertal children and should be in ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bacteruria Bacteruria is the presence of bacteria in the urine and can be classified as symptomatic or asymptomatic. A patient with asymptomatic bacteruria is de ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Balanitis Balanitis is an inflammation of the glans penis. Men with balanitis often present with penile pain and erythema. This activity explains the risk facto ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Balanoposthitis Balanoposthitis is a common disease process involving the glans penis and prepuce. It affects up to 12% to 20% of pediatric and adult males. This acti ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Becker Melanosis Becker melanosis (Becker's Nevus) (BM) is a form of acquired hyperpigmentation. This condition was described by S. William Becker as "concurrent melan ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bladder Exstrophy Bladder exstrophy is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by a spectrum of anomalies involving the ventral body wall, urinary tract, genitalia, bon ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bladder Rupture Bladder rupture is most commonly due to abdominal and/or pelvic trauma but may be spontaneous or iatrogenic in association with surgical or endoscopic ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bladder Stones Bladder stones are solid calculi that are primarily found in the urinary bladder. While often calcified, they may also be composed of non-calcific mat ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bladder Trauma Bladder injury is broadly divided into extraperitoneal and intraperitoneal injuries. Extraperitoneal bladder injuries generally occur with pelvic frac ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Blunt Force Trauma Trauma is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients under 35-years of age and the sixth leading cause of death worldwide. The majority ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cerebral Aneurysm Cerebral aneurysms are defined as dilations that occur at weak points along the arterial circulation within the brain. The majority of cerebral aneury ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Circumcision Male circumcision is the surgical removal of the prepuce, or foreskin, that covers the glans of the penis. Over the past decades, cultural changes and ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cloacal Malformations Cloacal malformations are rare congenital anomalies characterized by a confluence of the gastrointestinal, genital, and urologic systems which exits t ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Contrast Agent Toxicity Contrast agents, also called contrast media, are substances used to enhance the radiodensity of a targeted tissue by altering the way that electromagn ... Read the Article 1.5 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cryptorchidism Cryptorchidism is the absence of at least one testicle from the scrotum. It is the most common birth defect involving the male genitalia. About 3% of ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cystic Kidney Disease Cystic kidney diseases are multisystemic disorders that can develop due to genetic or non-genetic causes in children and adults. These can be a seriou ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cystinuria Cystine stones are due to an inherited defect in the transport of the amino acid cystine leading to excessive excretion in the kidney causing cystinur ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cystoscopy Cystourethroscopy is one of the most common procedures performed by a urologic surgeon. It allows for direct visualization of the urethra, urethral sp ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Delayed Puberty Delayed puberty not infrequently occurs in the pediatric population and a common reason for referral to a pediatric endocrinologist. While it is usual ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dorsal Penile Nerve Block The dorsal penile nerve block is an effective technique for gaining regional anesthesia of the penis with small volumes of a local anesthetic. The tec ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Double J Placement Methods Comparative Analysis Every urologist seems to have his own unique and personal procedure for double J stent placement as there is no single, universally accepted or recomm ... Read the Article 1.25 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ectodermal Dysplasia Ectodermal dysplasias form a diverse group of inherited disorders characterized by a congenital defect in two or more ectodermal structures, one of wh ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Enterovesical Fistula An enterovesical fistula is a pathologic connection between the bowel and the bladder. This activity reviews the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Enuresis Enuresis is a common childhood disorder seen in outpatient settings. Enuresis can be promptly treated if cases are identified early. In this activity, ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Epididymitis Epididymitis is an inflammation of the epididymis, a tubular structure on the testis where sperm mature. Epididymitis is a relatively common condition ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Epispadias Epispadias is a rare urogenital anomaly characterized by the failure of the urethral tube to tubularize on the dorsal aspect. Although commonly associ ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fecal Incontinence Fecal incontinence is a highly prevalent problem resulting in an inability to control the discharge of bowel contents. Its severity can range from the ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Genital Warts Genital warts (condyloma acuminatum) are a sexually transmitted infection caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11. These are spread by ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Germ Cell Seminoma Germinoma is an uncommon pediatric brain tumor that is morphologically identical to its gonadal counterpart: testicular seminoma and ovarian dysgermin ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Giant Condylomata Acuminata Of Buschke And Lowenstein Giant condylomata acuminata of Bushke-Löwenstein (GCBL) is a rare, slow-growing verrucous tumor of the penis and anogenital region which can grow up t ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gonorrhea Neisseria gonorrhoeae, an obligate human pathogen, is a sexually transmitted disease that causes consequential worldwide morbidity both in resource-ab ... Read the Article 1.5 19 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hematuria Hematuria is the presence of blood in the urine. Hematuria can be gross or microscopic; gross hematuria is visible blood in urine whereas microscopic ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Horseshoe Kidney Horseshoe kidneys are the most common fusion defect of the kidneys occurring in approximately 1:500 individuals. They are characterized by abnormaliti ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hydronephrosis And Hydroureter Hydronephrosis and hydroureter result from obstruction of urine flow in the urinary system at the renal pelvis and ureter level, respectively. This is ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypercalciuria Hypercalciuria is generally considered to be the most common identifiable metabolic risk factor for calcium nephrolithiasis. It also contributes to os ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypomelanosis of Ito Hypomelanosis of Ito (HI), or pigmentary mosaicism, was previously named incontinentia pigmenti achromians. The disease is currently named hypomelanos ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypospadias Hypospadias is an anatomical congenital malformation of the male external genitalia. It is characterized by abnormal development of the urethral fold ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypospadias Urogenital Reconstruction Hypospadias is one of the most common urogenital anomalies in newborn males. It is defined as the combination of the displacement of the urethral open ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Imperforate Anus Imperforate anus or anal atresia is a congenital anorectal malformation (ARM) where a normal anal opening is absent at birth. ARMs comprise of a broad ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Imperforate Hymen When the hymen, a thin membrane of stratified squamous epithelium circumscribing the vaginal introitus, does not spontaneously rupture during neonatal ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Inverted Urothelial Papilloma Inverted urothelial papilloma is a rare non-invasive endophytic urothelial tumor of the urinary bladder accounting for less than 1% of urothelial neop ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Kallmann Syndrome Kallmann Syndrome (KS) is a congenital form of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) that manifests with hypo- or anosmia. This decrease in gonadal funct ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Kawasaki Disease Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute, self-limited medium vessel vasculitis that has a predilection for the coronary arteries. This activity reviews the ... Read the Article 1.5 17 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Kidney Trauma Renal trauma can result in injury to the parenchyma or the renal vasculature which can cause bleeding or injury to the collecting system with possible ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Klinefelter Syndrome Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is the result of 2 or more X chromosomes in a phenotypic male. The clinical phenotype of KS was first described in males wit ... Read the Article 1.5 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Labial Adhesions Labial adhesion is the fusion of the labia minora or majora, and it is mostly located near the clitoris. It also may be known as synechia vulvae or la ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Latex Allergy Latex comes from a sap found in rubber trees, Hevea brasiliensis, which is used to make many products used today. It is allergenic and causes symptoms ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lower Genitourinary Trauma Trauma is a major cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. Trauma to the lower genitourinary tract presents unique challenges as there are u ... Read the Article 1.25 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lymphogranuloma Venereum Lymphogranuloma venereum is an ulcerative sexually transmitted infection of the genital area caused by Chlamydia trachomatis that is transmittable by ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Medical Ethics Familiarity with ethical principles on a basic level is necessary to safely practice medicine. However, most clinicians are unable to elucidate specif ... Read the Article 2 24 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Medullary Sponge Kidney Medullary sponge kidney is a benign congenital abnormality that was first described in 1939. Anatomically it is characterized by cystic dilatation of ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Menkes Kinky Hair Disease Menkes kinky hair disease is a rare X-linked recessive progressive multisystemic disease of copper metabolism. Patients usually exhibit a severe clini ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Necrotizing Fasciitis Necrotizing fasciitis is a subset of aggressive skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) that cause necrosis of the muscle fascia and subcutaneous tiss ... Read the Article 1.5 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Neonatal Evaluation The initial examination within the first 24 hours of birth is critical in determining the general well-being of newborns, but also to identify any red ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nephrolithiasis Nephrolithiasis is the term employed for kidney stones, also known as renal calculi, and they are crystal concretions formed typically in the kidney. ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nephrotic Syndrome Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a clinical syndrome defined by massive proteinuria (greater than 40 mg/m2 per hour) responsible for hypoalbuminemia (less t ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Neurogenic Bladder The micturition process is usually controlled by the central nervous system, which coordinates the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system acti ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nocturnal Enuresis Enuresis refers to the involuntary loss of urine during sleep that occurs at least twice a week in children older than 5 years of age (or the developm ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nongonococcal Urethritis Non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU), inflammation of the urethra, is the most common sexually transmitted illness in men. Urethritis can be infectious or ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nutcracker Syndrome Nutcracker syndrome is a venous compression syndrome involving the left renal vein. It is an uncommon, although possibly underdiagnosed, condition tha ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Open Inguinal Hernia Repair An abdominal wall hernia consists of a protrusion of intra-abdominal tissue through a fascial defect in the abdominal wall. Inguinal hernias are very ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Opioid Toxicity Opioids and opiates together comprise a class of medications widely used primarily to control severe pain. If first-line agents are not effective in c ... Read the Article 1.5 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Orchiopexy This activity reviews the indications for orchiopexy and describes multiple techniques based on the location of the aberrant testis. It also highlight ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Page Kidney Page kidney or Page phenomenon results from external compression of the kidney by a chronic subcapsular hematoma. It is a rare, treatable cause of sec ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pancreatic Pseudocyst A pancreatic pseudocyst is an encapsulated collection of homogenous fluid with little or no necrotic tissue located near the pancreas. It often presen ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Paraphimosis Paraphimosis is a common urologic emergency that occurs in uncircumcised males when the foreskin becomes trapped behind the corona of the glans penis. ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Patent Urachus Patent urachus refers to a spectrum of umbilical disorders that result from the failure of involution of normal embryologic tissues that connect the d ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pelvic Fracture A pelvic fracture involves damage to the hip bones, sacrum, or coccyx - the bony structures forming the pelvic ring. Due to the inherent structural an ... Read the Article 1.75 21 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is defined as an inflammation of the upper genital tract due to an infection in women. The disease affects the uteru ... Read the Article 1.5 17 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pelvic Kidney The term pelvic kidney encompasses a range of anatomical abnormalities that occur when the kidney fails to rise from the pelvis in its metanephros sta ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Penetrating Groin Trauma Penetrating groin trauma is an infrequent yet complex injury that requires quick identification, evaluation, and treatment in the emergency department ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Penile Zipper and Ring Injuries Ring and zipper injuries that cause damage to the penis are uncommon. However, when they do occur, affected individuals often try to manage the condit ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Percutaneous Nephrostomy This activity reviews salient details regarding accessing the renal collecting system via a puncture through the lumbar region of the back (percutaneo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Phimosis Phimosis is a term used to describe difficulty retracting the penile prepuce. There are both physiologic and pathologic forms of phimosis, which can c ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Polycystic Kidney Disease Polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is an autosomal dominant disorder. It is a multisystem and progressive disease with cysts formation and kidney enlar ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Polycystic Kidney Disease Of Childhood There are two inherited varieties of polycystic kidney disease (PKD): autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and autosomal recessive pol ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Posterior Urethral Valve This article contains a synopsis of the anatomy, embryology, and classification of posterior urethral valves with a brief discussion of the theories a ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Postobstructive Diuresis Urinary retention is a relatively common urological problem encountered in both inpatient and outpatient settings. It should be high on the differenti ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Potter Syndrome Potter syndrome is a fatal congenital disorder characterized by the changes in physical appearances of neonate due to oligohydramnios caused by renal ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Proteinuria Proteinuria is a very common finding in outpatient as well as inpatient settings. Any such results warrant further investigation, especially in the se ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Prune Belly Syndrome Prune belly syndrome is a rare congenitally acquired disorder primarily characterized by the clinical triad of deficient abdominal musculature, crypto ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Reflux Nephropathy Reflux nephropathy (RN) often presents in early adulthood with various clinical manifestations of chronic kidney disease. Reflux nephropathy was previ ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Calculi Renal calculi are a common cause of blood in the urine (hematuria) and pain in the abdomen, flank, or groin. They occur in one in 11 people at some ti ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Cell Cancer Renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), which originate within the renal cortex, are responsible for 80% to 85% of all primary renal neoplasms. Transitional cel ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Tubular Acidosis Kidneys play a pivotal role in maintaining the acid-base balance of body along with lungs, and they do so by reabsorbing filtered bicarbonate and remo ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Vein Thrombosis Renal vein thrombosis (RVT), the presence of thrombus in the major renal veins or its tributaries, is a rare clinical entity. It can present acutely o ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rhabdomyosarcoma Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a primitive pediatric malignant soft tissue sarcoma of skeletal muscle phenotype that originates from a primitive mesenchyma ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ropivacaine Ropivacaine is FDA-approved for surgical anesthesia and acute pain management. It is used in an epidural block for surgery—such as cesarean sections. ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Seminoma Seminoma is a malignant germ cell tumor that involves most commonly the testicle or less frequently the mediastinum, the retroperitoneum, or other ext ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sex Cord Stromal Testicular Tumor Testicular cancer is included in the list of curable cancers that have an excellent prognosis. Hence, proper diagnosis and treatment are of paramount ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Spigelian Hernia A spigelian hernia is a rare, abnormal protrusion of abdominal contents or peritoneum through a defect (spigelian fascia), which is comprised of the t ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Suprapubic Aspiration Suprapubic aspiration is a procedure performed to obtain a urine sample. It is often done when a urinary catheter cannot be placed. It is commonly per ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Syphilis Syphilis is a systemic, bacterial infection caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Due to its many protean clinical manifestations, it has been ... Read the Article 2.75 46 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Testicle Cancer Testicular cancer is one of the most common malignancies in men aged 15 to 45 years. Etiology is multifactorial, comprising various genetic and enviro ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Testicular Seminoma Testicular seminomas are cancers that can usually be managed with surgical resection, although radiation is added for advanced-stage disease. Stage 1 ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Testicular Torsion Scrotal complaints are relatively common both in primary care and in the emergency department and comprise at least 0.5 percent of all emergency depar ... Read the Article 1.5 17 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Thrombocytopenia Thrombocytopenia is a platelet count below the lower limit of normal, i.e., 150000/microliter (for adults). This activity reviews the etiology, evalua ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tuberous Sclerosis Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder that affects multiple systems. It is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion and is characte ... Read the Article 2.25 34 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative colitis is an idiopathic inflammatory condition of the colon which results in diffuse friability and superficial erosions on the colonic wa ... Read the Article 1.75 23 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ureteral Injury Overall, a ureteral injury is rare. The most common cause is iatrogenic trauma during open surgery, laparoscopic, or endoscopic procedures. Penetratin ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ureterolithiasis Ureterolithiasis is a painful condition that affects millions of Americans each year. To avoid the high morbidity and mortality associated with this c ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is one of the most common causes of hydronephrosis in children. If it is left untreated, it might cause loss ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Urethral Injury Urethral Injuries are a relatively rare process that is often associated with severe trauma, childbirth, and improper catheterization. This activity o ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Urinary Tract Infection Forty percent of women in the United States will develop a urinary tract infection (UTI) at some point in her lifetime, making this one of the most co ... Read the Article 1.75 21 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Varicocele A varicocele is abnormal dilation and enlargement of the scrotal venous pampiniform plexus which drains blood from each testicle. While usually painle ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vesicoureteral Reflux Retrograde urine flow from the bladder to the upper urinary tract is known as vesicoureteric reflux. This article illustrates the anatomy and pathophy ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Wilms Tumor Wilms tumor, or nephroblastoma, is the most common pediatric renal cancer, the most common pediatric abdominal cancer, and the fourth most common pedi ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Wound Irrigation Wounds and lacerations are common complaints. Each year in the United States, roughly 12.2 million patients are seen in emergency departments for woun ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Yolk Sac Tumors Yolk sac tumors (also known as endodermal sinus tumors) are malignant primitive germ cell tumors; they are histologically similar to the mesenchyma of ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO

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