|Hyperbaric Related Myopia and Cataract Formation|
Credits: 1.00 Post-Assessment Questions: 5
Release Date: 5 Oct 2020
Expiration Date: 10 Jul 2021
Last Reviewed: 10 Jul 2020
Estimated Time To Finish: 60 Minutes
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Oxygen has been shown to be harmful to many tissues in the body via the formation of oxygen free radicals through normal metabolic processes. The higher PO2 used in hyperbaric oxygen therapy is thought to increase the production of these harmful, reactive species. The body has natural defense mechanisms to protect against free radical damage. Superoxide dismutase, a protective enzyme, acts to remove superoxide radicals and other reactive products of metabolism. Under hyperoxic conditions, it is thought that the increased production of these reactive species overwhelms the body's natural defense mechanisms which lead to oxygen toxicity and cellular damage. The toxic effects of hyperbaric oxygen have damaging effects on the eye, particularly the lens. The most commonly reported symptoms are eyelid twitching, blurry vision, and visual-field disturbances. Many of the reported symptoms have been attributed to oxygen toxicity of the lens which leads to various complications such as myopia and the formation and progression of cataracts. The majority of ocular side effects are reversible, but some of the effects of prolonged therapy can be irreversible. This activity reviews the hyperbaric related myopia and cataract formation and discusses the role of the interprofessional team in educating patients on the potential for these side effects.
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Authors: Kevin Gengel, Stephen Hendriksen
Editors: Jeffrey Cooper
Editors-In-Chief: Jeffrey CooperHeather Murphy-LavoieStephen Hendriksen
Chief Medical Reviewer: Jeffrey Cooper
Nurse Planner/Reviewer/Editor: Lisa Haddad
Pharmacy Planner/Reviewer/Editor: Mark Pellegrini
Physician Planner/Reviewer/Editor: Scott Dulebohn
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